An awesome list of resources to construct, analyze and visualize network data.
Table of Contents
- Professional groups
- Review Articles
- Selected Papers
- Contributing Guidelines
- A Novitiate in a Period of Change: An Experimental and Case Study of Social Relationships, by Samuel F. Sampson (unpublished PhD dissertation, 1968).
- Social Network Analysis. A Handbook, by John Scott (1991, 3rd ed. 2013).
- Social Network Analysis. Methods and Applications, by Stanley Wasserman and Katherine Faust (1994).
- The Structure and Dynamics of Networks, edited by Mark E.J. Newman, Albert-László Barabási and Duncan J. Watts - 600 pages of classic network analysis articles (2006).
Accessible introductions aimed at non-technical audiences.
- Connected: The Surprising Power of Our Social Networks and How They Shape Our Lives, by Nicholas A. Christakis and James H. Fowler (2009).
- Linked: The New Science of Networks, by Albert-László Barabási - Selected chapters online (2002).
- Network Literacy: Essential Concepts and Core ideas, by the NetSciEd team (c. 2016) - Available in several languages (paper).
- Nexus. Small Worlds and the Groundbreaking Theory of Networks, by Mark Buchanan (2003).
- Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age, by Duncan J. Watts (2003).
- Encyclopedia of Social Networks, edited by George A. Barnett - Covers all sorts of network-related themes (many of them not formal) as well as social network analysis (2011).
- Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining, edited by Reda Alhajj and Jon Rokne (2014).
- Network Science, by Albert-László Barabási - Full book online (2016).
- Network Science, by the U.S. National Research Council - Full book online (2005).
- Network Science: Theory and Practice, by Ted G. Lewis (2011).
- Networks. An Introduction, by Mark E.J. Newman (2010).
- Networks, Crowds, and Markets: Reasoning About a Highly Connected World, by David Easley and Jon Kleinberg - Full pre-publication draft (review; 2010).
- _Réseaux sociaux et structures relationnelles_, by Emmanuel Lazega, in French (2014).
- The SAGE Handbook of Social Network Analysis, edited by John Scott and Peter J. Carrington (2011).
- Sociologie des réseaux sociaux, by Pierre Mercklé, in French (2011).
- Social and Economic Networks, by Matthew O. Jackson (2008).
- Social Network Analysis with Applications, by Ian McCulloh, Helen Armstrong and Anthony Johnson (2013).
- Social Networks: An Introduction, by Jeroen Bruggeman (related material; 2008).
- Studying Social Networks. A Guide to Empirical Research, by Marina Hennig et al. (2013).
- Understanding Social Networks. Theories, Concepts, and Findings, by Charles Kadushin (2012).
- Complex Graphs and Networks, by Fan Chung and Linyuan Lu (2006).
- Bayesian Networks in R with Applications in Systems Biology, by Radhakrishnan Nagarajan, Marco Scutari and Sophie Lèbre (website; 2013).
- Bayesian Networks with Examples in R, by Marco Scutari and Jean-Baptiste Denis (website; 2014).
- The Book of Trees. Visualizing Branches of Knowledge, by Manuel Lima - Hundreds of beautiful tree diagrams, from all periods of history (2014).
- Exponential Random Graph Models for Social Networks, edited by Dean Lusher, Johan Koskinen and Garry Robins (2013).
- Generalized Blockmodeling. Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences, by Patrick Doreian, Vladimir Batagelj and Anuška Ferligoj (2004).
- Handbook of Graph Drawing and Visualization, edited by Roberto Tamassia (chapter proofs; 2013).
- Handbuch Historische Netzwerkforschung. Grundlagen und Anwendungen, edited by Marten Düring et al., in German (2016).
- An Introduction to Exponential Random Graph Modeling, by Jenine K. Harris (2014).
- Knoten und Kanten. Soziale Netzwerkanalyse in Wirtschafts- und Migrationsforschung, edited by Markus Gamper and Linda Reschke, in German (2010).
- Knoten und Kanten 2.0. Soziale Netzwerkanalyse in Medienforschung und Kulturanthropologie, edited by Markus Gamper, Linda Reschke and Michael Schönhuth, in German (2012).
- [Knoten und Kanten III. Soziale Netzwerkanalyse in Geschichts- und Politikforschung](), edited by Markus Gamper, Linda Reschke and Marten Düring, in German and English (2015).
- Inferential Network Analysis, by Skyler J. Cranmer, Bruce A. Desmarais and Jason Morgan (forthcoming).
- Multilevel Network Analysis for the Social Sciences, edited by Emmanuel Lazega and Tom A.B. Snijders (2016).
- Multivariate Network Visualization, edited by Andreas Kerren, Helen C. Purchase and Matthew O. Ward (2014).
- Network Analysis in Archaeology, edited by Carl Knappett (2013; review in French).
- Network Analysis: Methodological Foundations, edited by Ulrik Brandes and Thomas Erlebach - Covers network centrality, clustering, blockmodels, spatial networks and more (2005).
- Political Networks. The Structural Perspective, by David Knoke (1994).
- Social Network Analysis for Ego-Nets: Social Network Analysis for Actor-Centred Networks, by Nick Crossley et al. (2015).
- Understanding Large Temporal Networks and Spatial Networks, by Vladimir Batagelj et al. (2014).
- Analyzing Social Networks (using UCINET), by Stephen P. Borgatti, Martin G. Everett and Jeffrey C. Johnson (2013).
- A User's Guide to Network Analysis in R, by Douglas A. Luke (2015).
- Exploratory Social Network Analysis with Pajek, by Wouter de Nooy, Andrej Mrvar and Vladimir Batagelj (2011; also in Japanese and in Chinese).
- Gephi Cookbook (2015).
- Graph Drawing Software (covering many programs), edited by Michael Jünger and Petra Mutzel (2004).
- Introduction to Social Network Methods (using mostly UCINET), by Robert A. Hanneman and Mark Riddle - Full book online (2001).
- Mastering Gephi Network Visualization, by Ken Cherven (2015).
- Network Analysis with R/igraph, by Gabor Csárdi, Thomas Nepusz and Eduardo M. Airoldi (in preparation).
- Network Analysis with Python/igraph, by Thomas Nepusz, Gabor Csárdi and Eduardo M. Airoldi (in preparation).
- Network Graph Analysis and Visualization with Gephi, by Ken Cherven (2013).
- Social Network Analysis for Startups. Finding Connections on the Social Web (using Python), by Maksim Tsvetovat and Alexander Kouznetsov (code; 2011).
- Statistical Analysis of Network Data with R, by Eric D. Kolaczyk and Gabor Csárdi (R package; 2014).
- Communities and Networks: Using Social Network Analysis to Rethink Urban and Community Studies, by Katherine Giuffre (2013).
- Comparing Policy Networks. Labor Politics in the U.S., Germany, and Japan, by David Knoke et al. (1996).
- The Connected Past. Challenges to Network Studies in Archaeology and History edited by Tom Brughmans, Anna Collar and Fiona Coward (2016; companion website).
- The Development of Social Network Analysis: A Study in the Sociology of Science, by Linton C. Freeman, in English and several other languages (2004; follow-up paper, 2011).
- Dynamical Processes on Complex Networks, by Alain Barrat, Marc Barthélemy and Alessandro Vespignani (2008).
- Inside Criminal Networks, by Carlo Morselli (2009).
- Neighbor Networks. Competitive Advantage Local and Personal, by Ronald S. Burt (2010).
- Networks in Social Policy Problems, edited by Balázs Vedres and Marco Scotti (2012).
- The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Networks, edited by Yann Bramoullé, Andrea Galeotti and Brian Rogers (2016).
- _Policy Debates as Dynamic Networks: German Pension Politics and Privatization Discourse_, by Philip Leifeld (2016).
- Small Worlds: The Dynamics of Networks between Order and Randomness, by Duncan J. Watts (2003).
- Theories of Communication Networks, by Peter Monge and Nosh Contractor (2003).
- Towards Relational Sociology, by Nick Crossley (2011).
- Die Verbundenheit der Dinge. Eine Kulturgeschichte der Netze und Netzwerke [The Connectedness of Things. A Cultural History of Nets and Networks], by Sebastian Gießmann, in German (2014).
- Verdeckte soziale Netzwerke im Nationalsozialismus. Die Entstehung und Arbeitsweise von Berliner Hilfsnetzwerken für verfolgte Juden [Hidden Social Networks in National Socialism: The origins and working methods of Berlin assistance networks for persecuted Jews], by Marten Düring, in German (2015; related publications and video presentation in English).
- _Visualisierung komplexer Strukturen. Grundlagen der Darstellung mehrdimensionaler Netzwerke_, by Lothar Krempel, in German.
Recurring conferences on network analysis.
- ASONAM - IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining.
- SNAA - Workshop on Social Network Analysis in Applications.
- CNDay - Cambridge Networks Day - Convened by the Cambridge Networks Network.
- CompleNet - International Workshop on Complex Networks.
- EUSN - European Conference on Social Networks.
- GD - International Symposium on Graph Drawing and Network Visualization.
- PolNet - Annual Political Networks Workshops and Conference - Organized by the APSA Organized Section on Political Networks (PolNet).
- Videos from the Political Networks 2009 Conference.
- NetSci - International School and Conference on Social Networks - Organized by the Network Science Society (NetSci).
- Sunbelt - Social Networks Conference of the International Network for Social Network Analysis - Organized by the International Network for Social Network Analysis (INSNA).
- Complex Networks, by Peter Sheridan Dodds (University of Vermont, 2016).
- Tarot Cards for Principles of Complex Systems and Complex Networks.
- Graph Theory and Applications, by Paul Van Dooren - Full lecture slides (Hamilton Institute, Dublin, 2009).
- Graph Theory (Mathematics), by Christopher Griffin - Full lecture notes (Penn State University, 2012).
- Network Analysis and Modeling (Computer Science), by Aaron Clauset - Full lecture slides and readings (University of Colorado, 2014).
- Networks, Complexity and Its Applications (Media Arts and Sciences), by Cesar Hidalgo (MIT, 2011).
- Networks, Crowds and Markets, by David Easley, Jon Kleinberg and Eva Tardos (presentation; Cornell University via edX, 2016).
- Networks (Economics), by Daron Acemoglu and Asu Ozdaglar (MIT, 2009).
- Network Science (Computer Science), by Constantine Dovrolis - Mostly open access readings (Georgia Tech, 2015).
- Network Science (Physics), by Albert-László Barabási, Sean Cornelius and Roberta Sinatra (Northeastern University, 2015).
- Political Networks: Methods and Applications, by Zeev Maoz (University of California in Davis, 2012).
- Social and Economic Networks: Models and Analysis, by Matthew O. Jackson (Stanford University via Coursera, 2015).
- Social Network Analysis, by Lada Adamic (University of Michigan via Coursera, not yet run).
- Social Network Analysis and Intermediate Social Network Theory, by Matthew J. Denny - Workshop notes and slides (2014–5).
- Social Network Analysis with Pajek, by Andrej Mrvar (University of Ljubljana, 2016).
- The Structure of Information Networks, by Jon Kleinberg - Links to many diverse readings (Cornell University, 2008).
- Barabási and Albert Network Datasets.
- Bayesian Network Repository.
- Bill Cosponsorship Networks in European Parliaments - Legislative cosponsorship networks, in R format.
- Colorado Index of Complex Networks (ICON) - Large collection of networks described and indexed by Aaron Clauset's research group.
- Connectome - Comprehensive maps of neural connections.
- Enron Email Dataset.
- Eric D. Kolaczyk’s Network Datasets.
- Gephi Datasets.
- igraphdata - R data-centric package.
- Interaction Web Database - Ecological species interactions.
- International Currencies 1890-1910 - Historical data on the international connections between 45 currencies.
- KONECT - The Koblenz Network Collection - Includes, among other things, networks of collaboration in DBpedia and Wikipedia, GitHub (companion handbook).
- James H. Fowler’s Cosponsorship Network Data Page.
- Linton Freeman’s Network Data - Over 300 datasets of all sorts, in UCINET format.
- Mangal - Online platform to analyze, archive and share ecological network data (preprint, Python package, R package).
- Manlio De Domenico’s Multilayer Networks.
- Mark E.J. Newman’s Network Data (example visualizations).
- Network Repository - Fully searchable database containing hundreds of real-world networks.
- Nexus - Repository of network datasets in GraphML and igraph formats.
- Norwegian Interlocking Directorate, 2002-2011 - Two-mode and one-mode data on gender representation in Norwegian firms.
- Pajek Datasets.
- Philosophers Networks from Randall Collins's The Sociology of Philosophies.
- Siena Datasets.
- SocioPatterns Datasets - Network data obtained through the SocioPatterns sensing platform.
- Stanford Large Network Dataset Collection.
- tnet Datasets - Weighted network data.
- UCI Network Data Repository.
- UCINET Datasets - Network data in UCINET format.
Journals that are not fully open-access are marked as “gated”. Please also note that some of the publishers listed below are deeply hurting scientific publishing.
- Applied Network Science (Springer Open).
- Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory (Springer, gated).
- Computational Social Networks (Springer Open).
- Connections (INSNA).
- IEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering (IEEE).
- Journal of Complex Networks (Oxford, gated).
- The Journal of Mathematical Sociology (Taylor & Francis, gated).
- Journal of Social Structure (INSNA).
- Network Science (Cambridge, gated).
- REDES. Revista hispana para el análisis de redes sociales, in Spanish (INSNA).
- Social Network Analysis and Mining (Springer, gated).
- Social Networks (Elsevier, gated).
- AFS RT 26 “Réseaux sociaux” - Thematic Network of the French Sociological Association (AFS), in French.
- APSA Political Networks - Organized Section of the American Political Science Association (APSA).
- ECPR Political Networks SG - Standing Group of the European Consortium for Political Research (Twitter account).
- GDR ARSHS - GDR Analyse de réseaux en sciences humaines et sociales, in French - Research group based in Paris.
- Groupe FMR - Flux, Matrices, Réseaux, in French.
- INSNA - International Network for Social Network Analysis (SOCNET mailing-list).
- Mathematical Sociology Section of the American Sociological Association (ASA).
- NetSci - Network Science Society.
Research Groups (USA)
Network-focused research centers, (reading) groups, institutes, labs – you name it – based in the USA.
- Annenberg Networks Network - Research group studying social networks at the University of Southern California.
- Channing Division of Network Medicine - Research division within the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.
- Complex Human Networks Reading Group (CoHN) - Reading list from a seminar held at MIT in 2001–2.
- Duke Network Analysis Center.
- Interdependence in Governance and Policy Research Group - Led by Bruce A. Desmarais at Penn State University.
- Indiana University Network Science Institute (IUNI).
- Interdisciplinary Center for Network Science and Applications (iCeNSA) at the University of Notre Dame.
- LINKS Center for Social Network Analysis at the Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky.
- NetSCI Lab at the Rutgers School of Communication and Information.
- Network Science Center at the U.S. Military Academy (USMA) in West Point (blog).
- Network Science IGERT at the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Features an NSF-funded graduate programme.
- Networks, Computation, and Social Dynamics Lab - Headed by Carter T. Butts. Part of the Center for Networks and Relational Analysis (CNRA) at the University of California in Irvine.
- Northeastern University Network Science Institute - Features a PhD in Network Science program..
- Northeastern University Center for Complex Network Research - Led by Albert-László Barabási.
- Northeastern University MOBS Lab - Laboratory for the Modeling of Biological and Socio-technical Systems - Led by Alessandro Vespignani.
- Peter J. Mucha’s Research Group at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Social Network Analysis Group @ Stanford.
- Warren Center for Network & Data Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania.
- Yale Institute for Network Science (YINS).
Research Groups (Other)
Network-focused research centers, (reading) groups, institutes, labs – you name it – based outside of the USA.
- Cambridge Networks Network (CNN) - Research network on complex networks.
- Centre for Business Network Analysis, University of Greenwich - Focused on economic/organisational network analysis.
- Center for Network Science, Central European University, Budapest - Features a PhD in Network Science program.
- Complex Networks - Research group based in Paris.
- Cx-Nets - Virtual collaboration between four complex networks research groups.
- Data Science Group - Wroclaw-based research group that studies, among many things, complex networks and other network-related topics.
- Forschungscluster der Universitäten Trier und Mainz “Gesellschaftliche Abhängigkeiten und soziale Netzwerke”, in German.
- Historical Network Research (HNR) - Platform for scholars interested in network analysis for historical research.
- HNR Conferences, Workshops and Other Events.
- HNR Talks - Videos, in German.
- ANR-Lab - International Laboratory for Applied Network Research - Russian group based at the National Research University in Moscow.
- Theory and Methods in Network Analysis (“TMSA”) Summer Schools.
- Large Graphs and Networks - Research group at the Catholic University of Louvain (official page).
- MelNet Social Network Research Group, Swinburne University of Technology.
- Mitchell Centre for Social Network Analysis, University of Manchester - Currently studies covert networks.
- Murata Laboratory - Tokyo-based research group, studying bi-, tri- and k-partite (hyper)networks.
- NetLab - Research network at the University of Toronto, led by Barry Wellman.
- Network Science Research Centre, Swansea University.
- Network Dynamics - Research Lab at McGill University, led by Derek Ruths
- Netzwerkerei - Historical research project on the connections between Jewish intellectuals.
- ORIO - Observatoire des Réseaux Intra- et Inter-Organisationnels - A research program on networks and regulation.
- ‘Réseaux et Régulation’ Conference Cycle - Seminar based at Sciences Po in Paris, France.
- Redes-Sociales, in Spanish - Information network based at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.
- RES-HIST : Réseaux et histoire, in French - Blog posts from a research group on historical networks.
- RES-HIST Conferences.
- SocioPatterns - Interdisciplinary research group that uses wireless sensors to study social network data.
- SoNAR-C - Social Network Analysis Research Center, University of Italian Switzerland (USi).
- Topographies of Entanglements. Mapping Medieval Networks - Research platform based at the Austrian Academy of Sciences that focuses on applying network theory and visualisation to medieval history.
- UCL Centre for Organisational Network Analysis (CONA).
- Virtual Observatory for the Study of Online Networks (VOSON) - Research and software development project located at the Australian National University.
Archeological and Historical Networks
- Analyse de réseaux et histoire, in French (Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, 2005).
- Analyser les réseaux du passé en archéologie et en histoire, in French (Les Nouvelles de l'Archéologie, 2014).
- Formale Methoden der Netzwerkanalyse in den Geschichtswissenschaften: Warum und Wie? [Formal Network Methods in History: Why and How?], in German (preprint in English; Österreichische Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaften, 2012).
- Graph Theory and Networks in Biology (preprint; IET Systems Biology, 2007).
- Introduction à la visualisation de données : l’analyse de réseau en histoire, in French (Geschichte und Informatik, 2015).
- Introduction : où en est l'analyse de réseaux en histoire ? [Introducción: ¿en qué punto se encuentra el análisis de redes en Historia?], in French (also in Spanish; REDES, 2011).
- Networks and History (Complexity, 2002).
- Networks of Power in Archaeology (Annual Review of Anthropology, 2014).
- Netzwerkanalyse in den Geschichtswissenschaften. Historische Netzwerkanalyse als Methode für die Erforschung von historischen Prozessen, in German (Prozesse. Formen, Dynamiken, Erklärungen, 2015).
- The Roots and Shoots of Archaeological Network Analysis: A Citation Analysis and Review of the Archaeological Use of Formal Network Methods (Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 2014).
- Thinking Through Networks: A Review of Formal Network Methods in Archaeology (Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 2013).
Bibliographic, Citation and Semantic Networks
- On Bibliographic Networks (Scientometrics, 2013).
- Extracting Citation Networks from Publications in Classics (Digital Humanities Quarterly, forthcoming).
- Socio-Semantic Frameworks (preprint; Advances in Complex Systems, 2013).
- Socio-Semantic Modeling of Epistemic Communities (APSA, 2014).
Biological, Ecological and Disease Networks
- Biological Networks (Handbook of Graph Drawing and Visualization, 2013).
- Interactome Networks and Human Disease (Cell, 2011).
- Network Biology: Understanding the Cell’s Functional Organization - Accessible introduction to (cellular) network analysis (Nature Reviews Genetics, 2004).
- Network Medicine: A Network-based Approach to Human Disease (Nature Review Genetics, 2011).
- Social Networks and the Spread of Infectious Diseases: the AIDS Example (Social Networks, 1985).
- Structure and Dynamics of Molecular Networks: A Novel Paradigm of Drug Discovery. A Comprehensive Review - Also includes an impressive list of network analysis software (Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 2013).
- The Architecture of Complexity - From network theory to complexity theory (IEEE Control Systems Magazine, 2007).
Ethics of Network Analysis
- A Cautionary Note on Data Inputs and Visual Outputs in Social Network Analysis (SNA) (preprint; British Journal of Management, 2014).
- Ethical Dilemmas in Social Network Research (special issue of Social Networks, 2005).
- Ethical and Strategic Issues in Organizational Social Network Analysis (The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 2003).
- A Brief History of Statistical Models for Network Analysis and Open Challenges (Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 2012).
- Introduction to Stochastic Actor-Based Models for Network Dynamics (preprint; Social Networks, 2010).
- Navigating the Range of Statistical Tools for Inferential Network Analysis (American Journal of Political Science, forthcoming 2016).
- Positional Analysis and Blockmodeling (preprint; Computational Complexity, 2012).
- Social Network Evolution and Actor Oriented Models (Mathematics & Social Sciences, 1997).
- Statistical Models for Social Networks (Annual Review of Sociology, 2011).
- A Survey of Statistical Network Models - Book-length review (preprint; Foundations and Trends in Machine Learning, 2010).
- A Unified View of Generative Models for Networks: Models, Methods, Opportunities, and Challenges (video presentation; NIPS 2014 workshop on “Networks: From Graphs to Rich Data”).
- Explorations into the Visualization of Policy Networks (Journal of Theoretical Politics, 1999).
- Graphical Techniques for Exploring Social Network Data (Models and Methods in Social Network Analysis, 2005).
- Methods of Social Network Visualization (Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, 2009; poster version).
- Social Networks (Handbook of Graph Drawing and Visualization, 2013).
Social, Economic and Political Networks
- A propos de la notion de rôle dans l'analyse des relations sociales (Mathématiques et sciences humaines, 2011).
- Brokerage (Annual Review of Sociology, 2012).
- Dynamic Scientific Co-Authorship Networks (Models of Science Dynamics, 2012).
- Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks (Annual Review of Sociology, 2001).
- Mixed-Method Approaches to Social Network Analysis (ESRC NCRM Discussion Paper, 2010).
- Network Analysis and Political Science (Annual Review of Political Science, 2011).
- Network Analysis in the Social Sciences (Science, 2009).
- Networks in Social Psychology, Beginning with Kurt Lewin (preprint; Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining, 2014).
- Networks in the Understanding of Economic Behaviors (Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2014).
- Positions and Roles (The SAGE Handbook of Social Network Analysis, 2011).
- Social Network Analysis in the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence (preprint; PS: Political Science and Politics, 2011).
- Urban Social Networks: Some Methodological Problems and Possibilities (The Small World, 1989).
A voluntarily short list of applied, epistemological and methodological articles, many of which have become classic readings in network analysis courses. Intended for highly motivated social science students with little to no prior exposure to network analysis.
- Aux sources des grands réseaux d’interactions. Retour sur quelques propriétés déterminantes des réseaux sociaux issus de corpus documentaires, by Pascal Cristofoli, in French - Reviews the current state of relational sociology and network analysis in light of the large-scale and online data (Réseaux, 2008).
- Birds of a Feather, Or Friend of a Friend? Using Exponential Random Graph Models to Investigate Adolescent Social Networks, by Steven M. Goodreau, James A. Kitts and Martina Morris - Accessible introduction to the logic and application of exponential random graph modeling (Demography, 2001).
- Chains of Affection: The Structure of Adolescent Romantic and Sexual Networks, by Peter S. Bearman, James Moody and Katherine Stovel - Classic example of topological network analysis applied to a network of affective and sexual ties (American Journal of Sociology, 2004).
- Coauthorship and Citation Patterns in the Physical Review, by Travis Martin et al. - Highly typical study of scientific publishing productivity and collaboration through temporal network analysis (preprint; Physical Review E, 2013).
- The Convergence of Social and Technological Networks, by Jon Kleinberg - Discusses small-world effects and social contagion within the context of the Internet and social media (Communications of the ACM, 2008).
- Deux traditions d'analyse des reseaux sociaux, by Michael Eve (English version; Réseaux, 2002).
- Homophily and Contagion Are Generically Confounded in Observational Social Network Studies, by Cosma R. Shalizi and Andrew C. Thomas - Makes a very important point for the analysis of network diffusion and influence (Sociological Methods and Research, 2011).
- La notion de réseau complexe : du réseau comme abstraction et outil à la masse de données des réseaux sociaux en ligne, by Alain Barrat, in French - Accessible introduction to the study of complex networks (Communication & Organisation, 2013).
- Network Analysis, Culture, and the Problem of Agency, by Mustafa Emirbayer and Jeff Goodwin (American Journal of Sociology, 1994), and Manifesto for a Relational Sociology, by Mustafa Emirbayer (American Journal of Sociology, 1997) - Sociological foundations for a science of social ties.
- Network Theory, Plot Analysis, by Franco Moretti - Example applications of (fictional) network analysis in literary studies (New Left Review, 2011).
- Node Centrality in Weighted Networks: Generalizing Degree and Shortest Paths, by Tore Opsahl, Filip Agneessens and John Skvoretz - Explores the generalization of network centrality and distance measures to (positively) valued graphs (Social Networks, 2010; companion website).
- Scale-Free Networks, by Albert-László Barabási and Eric Bonabeau - Early, accessible formulation of the “networks are everywhere” argument (Scientific American, 2003).
- Social Networks and Causal Inference, by Tyler J. VanderWeele and Weihua An - Reviews the different ways in which network analysis can produce meaningful causal statements, as well as the inherent limits of network analysis for doing so (Handbook of Causal Analysis for Social Research, 2013).
- The Performativity of Networks, by Kieran Healy - Network analysis meets science studies: social networks, like financial markets, are highly subject to performativity, i.e. the possibility that reality might be altered by its theoretical inquiry (European Journal of Sociology, 2015).
- Robust Action and the Rise of the Medici, 1400-1434, by John F. Padgett and Christopher K. Ansell - Classic analysis of power relations in the Renaissance Florentine state (American Journal of Sociology, 1993).
- The Strength of Weak Ties, by Mark Granovetter - Arch-classic example of applying network analysis to a social issue: jobseeking (American Journal of Sociology, 1973).
- The Ties that Divide: A Network Analysis of the International Monetary System, 1890–1910 (The Journal of Economic History, 2005) and The Empirics of International Currencies: Network Externalities, History and Persistence (The Economic Journal, 2009), both by Marc Flandreau and Clemens Jobst - Network analysis of the foreign exchange system in the late 19th century (data).
- Topics in Social Network Analysis and Network Science, by A. James O'Malley and Jukka-Pekka Onnela - 50-page introduction to network analysis, with just the right amount of detail on all aspects of it (The Handbook of Health Services Research, forthcoming 2017).
For a hint of why this section of the list might be useful to some, see Mark Round’s Map of Data Formats and Software Tools (2009).
Several links in this section come from the NetWiki Shared Code page, from the Cambridge Networks Network List of Resources for Complex Network Analysis, and from the Software for Social Network Analysis page by Mark Huisman and Marijtje A.J. van Duijn. For a recent academic review on the subject, see the Social Network Algorithms and Software entry of the International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition (2015).
See also the Social Network Analysis Project Survey (blog post), an earlier attempt to chart social network analysis tools that links to many commercial platforms not included in this list, such as Detective.io. The Wikipedia English entry on Social Network Analysis Software also links to many commercial that are often very expensive, outdated, and far from being awesome by any reasonable standard.
Software-centric tutorials are listed below their program of choice: other tutorials are listed in the next section.
- ArcGIS Network Analyst - Network-based spatial analysis software for solving complex routing problems.
- CFinder - Cross-platform Java program to identify clusters and communities through the Clique Percolation Method (CPM).
- Circos - Cross-platform program to produce circular layouts of network data, written in Perl.
- Network Analysis with Cytoscape Tutorial - Illustrated through an archaeological and geographical case study (2013).
- Discourse Network Analyzer (DNA) - Qualitative content analysis tool with network export facilities, written in Java with R integration.
- E-Net - Windows program for ego network analysis.
- EgoNet - Cross-platform Java program for ego network analysis.
- easyN - Online tool aimed at representing and sharing gene interaction networks as well as Petri net models.
- Gephi - Cross-platform, free and open source tool for network visualization.
- Clément Levallois’ Gephi Tutorials and Plugins.
- Geographische Netzwerkvisualisierung mit dem Programm ‘Gephi’, in German (2016).
- Introduction to Network Analysis and Visualization with Gephi (2015).
- Practical Social Network Analysis With Gephi (2014).
- GLEAMviz Simulator - Cross-platform tool intended for the prediction of human epidemics.
- Graphviz - Cross-platform software to draw graphs in the DOT graph drawing language.
- Graphy - Graph theory library written in Ruby.
- GraphX - Apache Spark module to perform graph-related parallel computation.
- Lynks - Web-based tool for simple network analysis and visualization.
- Mathematica - Cross-platform program with graph theory and network analysis functionalities.
- MuxViz - Cross-platform, free and open source tool to study multilayer networks, based on R and GNU Octave.
- Neo4j - Open source, scalable graph database, used by companies like Linkurious.
- Nodegoat - Web-based data management, network analysis and visualisation environment (blog).
- NodeXL - Free, open-source template to explore network graphs with Microsoft Excel.
- The NodeXL Series - Series of blog posts on using NodeXL (2013).
- ORA-LITE - Windows program for dynamic meta-network assessment and analysis.
- OSoMe - Web-based platform to analyze social media data, including through Twitter-based and co-occurrence networks.
- Pajek - Windows program for large network analysis, free for noncommercial use.
- Analyse des réseaux : une introduction à Pajek, in French (2011).
- La détection de communautés avec Pajek 3.6, in French (2012).
- Palladio - Web-based spatial network visualization tool by the Humanities + Design research lab at Stanford University.
- PARTNER - Program to Analyze, Record, and Track Networks to Enhance Relationships - Excel-based tool for building networks from surveys.
- PIGALE - Public Implementation of a Graph Algorithm Library and Editor - Windows program and C++ library to analyze planar graphs.
- PNet - Simulation and estimation of (one-mode and multilevel) exponential random graph models (ERGMs), written in Java for Windows.
- Polinode - Web-based platform to both analyze network data as well as collect network data via relationship-based surveys.
- PUCK - Program for the Use and Computation of Kinship data - Cross-platform Java program for genealogical network analysis.
- Radatools - Set of tools intended for the analysis of complex networks, built on top of Radalib, a library written in Ada.
- Segrada - Cross-platform tool to build and visualize semantic graph databases.
- Siena - Simulation Investigation for Empirical Network Analysis. Formerly a Windows program, now developed as the RSiena R package.
- SocNetV - Social Network Visualizer - Cross-platform program that includes a simple Web crawler to construct hyperlink networks.
- SoNIA - Social Network Image Animator - Tool to visualize dynamic or longitudinal network data. Formerly a Java program (example movies), now developed as the ndtv R package.
- SparklingGraph - Cross-platform tool to perform large-scale, distributed network computations with Apache Spark's GraphX module; written in Java and Scala.
- SPaTo Visual Explorer - Cross-platform program for the visualization and exploration of complex networks.
- StOCNET - Several Windows programs developed by the same team as Siena.
- Tulip - Cross-platform network analysis and visualization framework built on top of a C++ library, with plugins dedicated to specific biological and physical networks. Also available through its Python package.
- UCINET - Windows commercial software package for the analysis of social network data.
- Uberlink - Software suite for online (hyperlink) network analysis, by the VOSON research project.
- VOSON System - Web-based software for the collection and analysis of online network data.
- VOSON Data Provider for NodeXL (quick tutorial; to be discontinued in 2016).
- vosonR - R client for the VOSON software (in development).
- UNISoN - Cross-platform program to download and visualize Usenet data. Developed for a Masters degree.
- VennMaker: An Actor-Centered Interactive Network Mapping Tool - Cross-platform Java program for ego network analysis.
- VennMaker for Historians: Sources, Social Networks and Software (also available in Spanish; 2011).
- Visone - Cross-platform Java network analysis and visualization program, free for noncommercial use.
- Network Analysis with Visone Tutorial - Illustrated through an archaeological case study (2015).
- Vizster - Cross-platform Java program to visualize online social networks.
- VOSviewer - Cross-platform Java tool for constructing and visualizing bibliometric networks.
Network placement and community detection algorithms that do not fit in any of the next subsections.
See also the Awesome Algorithms and Awesome Algorithm Visualization lists for more algorithmic awesomess.
- algo.graph - Basic graph theory algorithms written in Clojure.
- CONGA and CONGO - Algorithms to detect overlapping communities in networks, written in Java.
- ForceAtlas2 - Force-directed layout included in Gephi (paper).
- Linkcomm - Link Communities in Complex Networks - Community detection algorithms, available in C++, Python and R.
- MixNet - Erdös-Rényi Mixture Model for Networks - Community detection method, available in C++ and R.
- OSLOM2 - Order Statistics Local Optimization Method - Clustering algorithm.
- vbmod: Variational Bayesian Inference for Network Modularity - MATLAB and Python implementations of a Bayesian community detection algorithm.