A curated list of awesome Python frameworks, libraries and software

Awesome Python

A curated list of awesome Python frameworks, libraries and software. Inspired by awesome-php.

Environment Management

Libraries for Python version and environment management.

  • pyenv - Simple Python version management.
  • virtualenv - A tool to create isolated Python environments.
  • virtualenvwrapper - A set of extensions to virtualenv.
  • virtualenv-api - An API for virtualenv and pip.
  • pew - A set of tools to manage multiple virtual environments.
  • Vex - Run a command in the named virtualenv.
  • PyRun - A one-file, no-installation-needed version of Python.

Package Management

Libraries for package and dependency management.

  • pip - The Python package and dependency manager.
  • conda - Cross-platform, Python-agnostic binary package manager.
  • Curdling - Curdling is a command line tool for managing Python packages.
  • wheel - The new standard of Python distribution and are intended to replace eggs.

Package Repositories

Local PyPI repository server and proxies.

  • warehouse - Next generation Python Package Repository (PyPI).
  • devpi - PyPI server and packaging/testing/release tool.
  • localshop - PyPI server which mirrors official packages on-demand, and also supports local (private) package uploads.


Libraries to create packaged executables for release distribution.

  • cx-Freeze - Freezes Python scripts (cross-platform).
  • py2exe - Freezes Python scripts (Windows).
  • pynsist - A tool to build Windows installers, installers bundle Python itself.
  • py2app - Freezes Python scripts (Mac OS X).
  • PyInstaller - Converts Python programs into stand-alone executables (cross-platform).
  • dh-virtualenv - Build and distribute a virtualenv as a Debian package.
  • Nuitka - Compile scripts, modules, packages to an executable or extension module.

Build Tools

Compile software from source code.

  • buildout - A build system for creating, assembling and deploying applications from multiple parts, some of which may be non-Python-based.
  • SCons - A software construction tool.
  • PlatformIO - A console tool to build code with different development platforms.
  • BitBake - A make-like build tool with the special focus of distributions and packages for embedded Linux.
  • fabricate - A build tool that finds dependencies automatically for any language.

Interactive Interpreter

Interactive Python interpreters (REPL).

  • IPython - A rich toolkit to help you make the most out of using Python interactively.
  • bpython – A fancy interface to the Python interpreter.
  • ptpython - Advanced Python REPL built on top of the python-prompt-toolkit.


Libraries for file manipulation and MIME type detection.

  • mimetypes - (Python standard library) Map filenames to MIME types.
  • imghdr - (Python standard library) Determine the type of an image.
  • python-magic - A Python interface to the libmagic file type identification library.
  • - A module wrapper for os.path.
  • watchdog - API and shell utilities to monitor file system events.
  • Unipath - An object-oriented approach to file/directory operations.
  • pathlib - (Python standard library in Python 3.4+) An cross-platform, object-oriented path library.

Date and Time

Libraries for working with dates and times.

  • arrow - Better dates & times for Python.
  • Chronyk - A Python 3 library for parsing human-written times and dates.
  • dateutil - Extensions to the standard Python datetime module.
  • delorean - A library for clearing up the inconvenient truths that arise dealing with datetimes.
  • - Providing user-friendly functions to help perform common date and time actions.
  • moment - A Python library for dealing with dates/times. Inspired by Moment.js.
  • pytz - World timezone definitions, modern and historical. Brings the tz database into Python.

Text Processing

Libraries for parsing and manipulating plain texts.

  • General
    • difflib - (Python standard library) Helpers for computing deltas.
    • Levenshtein - Fast computation of Levenshtein distance and string similarity.
    • fuzzywuzzy - Fuzzy String Matching.
    • esmre - Regular expression accelerator.
    • shortuuid - A generator library for concise, unambiguous and URL-safe UUIDs.
    • ftfy - Makes Unicode text less broken and more consistent automagically.
    • unidecode - ASCII transliterations of Unicode text.
    • chardet - Python 23 compatible character encoding detector.
    • xpinyin - A library to translate Chinese hanzi (漢字) to pinyin (拼音).
    • - Spacing texts for CJK and alphanumerics.
    • pyfiglet - An implementation of figlet written in Python.
    • uniout - Print readable chars instead of the escaped string.
  • Slugify
    • awesome-slugify - A Python slugify library that can preserve unicode.
    • python-slugify - A Python slugify library that translates unicode to ASCII.
    • unicode-slugify - A slugifier that generates unicode slugs with Django as a dependency.
  • Parser
    • PLY - Implementation of lex and yacc parsing tools for Python
    • phonenumbers - Parsing, formatting, storing and validating international phone numbers.
    • python-user-agents - Browser user agent parser.
    • sqlparse - A non-validating SQL parser.
    • Pygments - A generic syntax highlighter.
    • python-nameparser - Parsing human names into their individual components.
    • pyparsing - A general purpose framework for generating parsers.

Specific Formats Processing

Libraries for parsing and manipulating specific text formats.

  • General
    • tablib - A module for Tabular Datasets in XLS, CSV, JSON, YAML.
  • Office
    • python-docx - Reads, queries and modifies Microsoft Word 20072008 docx files.
    • xlwt / xlrd - Writing and reading data and formatting information from Excel files.
    • XlsxWriter - A Python module for creating Excel .xlsx files.
    • xlwings - A BSD-licensed library that makes it easy to call Python from Excel and vice versa.
    • Marmir - Takes Python data structures and turns them into spreadsheets.
    • unoconv - Convert between any document format supported by LibreOffice/OpenOffice.
  • PDF
    • PDFMiner - A tool for extracting information from PDF documents.
    • PyPDF2 - A library capable of splitting, merging and transforming PDF pages.
    • ReportLab - Allowing Rapid creation of rich PDF documents.
  • Markdown
    • Python-Markdown - A Python implementation of John Gruber’s Markdown.
    • Mistune - Fastest and full featured pure Python parsers of Markdown.
  • YAML
    • PyYAML - YAML implementations for Python.
  • CSV
    • csvkit - Utilities for converting to and working with CSV.
  • Archive
    • unp - A command line tool that can unpack archives easily.

Natural Language Processing

Libraries for working with human languages.

  • NLTK - A leading platform for building Python programs to work with human language data.
  • Pattern - A web mining module for the Python. It has tools for natural language processing, machine learning, among others.
  • TextBlob - Providing a consistent API for diving into common NLP tasks. Stands on the giant shoulders of NLTK and Pattern.
  • jieba - Chinese Words Segmentation Utilities.
  • SnowNLP - A library for processing Chinese text.
  • loso - Another Chinese segmentation library.
  • genius - A Chinese segment base on Conditional Random Field.


Libraries for generating project documentation.

  • Sphinx - Python Documentation generator.
  • reStructuredText - Markup Syntax and Parser Component of Docutils.
  • MkDocs - Markdown friendly documentation generator.
  • Pycco - The original quick-and-dirty, hundred-line-long, literate-programming-style documentation generator.
  • pdoc - Epydoc replacement to auto generate API documentation for Python libraries.


Libraries for storing configuration options.

  • ConfigParser - (Python standard library) INI file parser.
  • ConfigObj - INI file parser with validation.
  • config - Hierarchical config from the author of logging.
  • profig - Config from multiple formats with value conversion.

Command-line Tools

Libraries for building command-line application.

  • Command-line Application Development
    • cement - Cement provides a light-weight and fully featured foundation to build anything from single file scripts to complex and intricately designed applications.
    • click - A package for creating beautiful command line interfaces in a composable way.
    • clint - Python Command-line Application Tools.
    • cliff - A framework for creating command-line programs with multi-level commands.
    • Clime – Clime lets you convert any module into a multi-command CLI program without any configuration.
    • docopt - Pythonic command line arguments parser.
    • colorama - Cross-platform colored terminal text.
    • pyCLI - Command-line applications supporting standard command line parsing, logging, unit and functional testing.
    • Gooey - Turn command line programs into a full GUI application with one line
    • python-prompt-toolkit - A Library for building powerful interactive command lines.
  • Productivity Tools
    • cookiecutter - A command-line utility that creates projects from cookiecutters (project templates). E.g. Python package projects, jQuery plugin projects.
    • httpie - A command line HTTP client, a user-friendly cURL replacement.
    • percol - Adds flavor of interactive selection to the traditional pipe concept on UNIX.
    • RainbowStream - Smart and nice Twitter client on terminal.
    • caniusepython3 - Determine what projects are blocking you from porting to Python 3.


Libraries for downloading.

  • s3cmd - A command line tool for managing Amazon S3 and CloudFront.
  • youtube-dl - A small command-line program to download videos from YouTube.
  • you-get - A YouTube/Youku/Niconico video downloader written in Python 3.
  • coursera - Script for downloading videos and naming them.
  • WikiTeam - Tools for downloading and preserving wikis.
  • subliminal - Library and command line tool to search and download subtitles.


Libraries for manipulating images.

  • pillow - Pillow is the friendly PIL fork.
  • wand - Python bindings for MagickWand, C API for ImageMagick.
  • thumbor - A smart imaging service. It enables on-demand crop, resizing and flipping of images.
  • imgSeek - A project for searching a collection of images using visual similarity.
  • python-qrcode - A pure Python QR Code generator.
  • pyBarcode - Create barcodes in Python without needing PIL.
  • pygram - Instagram-like image filters.
  • Quads - Computer art based on quadtrees.
  • - Nudity detection.
  • scikit-image - A Python library for (scientific) image processing.
  • hmap - Image histogram remapping.


Libraries for Optical Character Recognition.


Libraries for manipulating audio.

  • audiolazy - Expressive Digital Signal Processing (DSP) package for Python.
  • audioread - Cross-library (GStreamer + Core Audio + MAD + FFmpeg) audio decoding.
  • beets - A music library manager and MusicBrainz tagger.
  • dejavu - Audio fingerprinting and recognition.
  • django-elastic-transcoder - Django + Amazon Elastic Transcoder.
  • eyeD3 - A tool for working with audio files, specifically MP3 files containing ID3 metadata.
  • id3reader - A Python module for reading MP3 meta data.
  • mutagen - A Python module to handle audio metadata.
  • pydub - Manipulate audio with a simple and easy high level interface.
  • pyechonest - Python client for the Echo Nest API.
  • talkbox - A Python library for speech/signal processing.
  • TimeSide - Open web audio processing framework.
  • tinytag - A library for reading music meta data of MP3, OGG, FLAC and Wave files.
  • m3u8 - A module for parsing m3u8 file.


Libraries for manipulating video and GIFs.

  • moviepy - A module for script-based movie editing with many formats, including animated GIFs.
  • - Video summarization.
  • scikit-video - Video processing routines for SciPy.


Libraries for geocoding addresses and working with latitudes and longitudes.

  • GeoDjango - A world-class geographic web framework.
  • geopy - Python Geocoding Toolbox.
  • pygeoip - Pure Python GeoIP API.
  • GeoIP - Python API for MaxMind GeoIP Legacy Database.
  • geojson - Python bindings and utlities for GeoJSON.
  • django-countries - A Django app that provides country choices for use with forms, flag icons static files, and a country field for models.


Libraries for working with HTTP.

  • requests - HTTP Requests for Humans™.
  • grequests - requests + gevent for asynchronous HTTP requests.
  • urllib3 - A HTTP library with thread-safe connection pooling, file post support, sanity friendly.
  • httplib2 - Comprehensive HTTP client library.
  • treq - Python requests like API built on top of Twisted’s HTTP client.


Databases implemented in Python.

  • ZODB - A native object database for Python. A key-value and object graph database.
  • pickleDB - A simple and lightweight key-value store for Python.
  • TinyDB - A tiny, document-oriented database.

Database Drivers

Libraries for connecting and operating databases.

  • Relational Databases
    • mysql-python - The MySQL database connector for Python.
    • mysqlclient - mysql-python fork supporting Python 3.
    • PyMySQL - Pure Python MySQL driver compatible to mysql-python.
    • mysql-connector-python - A pure Python MySQL driver from Oracle.
    • oursql - A better MySQL connector with support for native prepared statements and BLOBs.
    • psycopg2 - The most popular PostgreSQL adapter for Python.
    • txpostgres - Twisted based asynchronous driver for PostgreSQL.
    • queries - A wrapper of the psycopg2 library for interacting with PostgreSQL.
    • dataset - Store Python dicts in a database - works with SQLite, MySQL, and PostgreSQL.
  • NoSQL Databases
    • cassandra-python-driver - Python driver for Cassandra.
    • pycassa - Python Thrift driver for Cassandra.
    • HappyBase - A developer-friendly library for Apache HBase.
    • PyMongo - The official Python client for MongoDB.
    • Plyvel - A fast and feature-rich Python interface to LevelDB.
    • redis-py - The Redis Python Client.
    • py2neo - Python wrapper client for Neo4j’s restful interface.
    • telephus - Twisted based client for Cassandra.
    • txRedis - Twisted based client for Redis.


Libraries that implement Object-Relational Mapping or datamapping techniques.

  • Relational Databases
  • NoSQL Databases
    • MongoEngine - A Python Object-Document-Mapper for working with MongoDB.
    • django-mongodb-engine - Django MongoDB Backend.
    • redisco - A Python Library for Simple Models and Containers Persisted in Redis.
    • flywheel - Object mapper for Amazon DynamoDB.
  • Others
    • butterdb - A Python ORM for Google Drive Spreadsheets.

Web Frameworks

Full stack web frameworks.

  • Django - The most popular web framework in Python.
  • Flask - A microframework for Python.
  • Bottle - A fast, simple and lightweight WSGI micro web-framework.
  • Pyramid - A small, fast, down-to-earth, open source Python web framework.
  • web2py - A full stack web framework and platform focused in the ease of use.
  • - A web framework for Python that is as simple as it is powerful.
  • TurboGears - The Web Framework that starts as a microframework and scales up to a fullstack solution.
  • CherryPy - A Minimalist Python Web Framework, HTTP/1.1-compliant and WSGI thread-pooled.
  • Grok - A framework built on the existing Zope 3 libraries.
  • Bluebream - An open-source web application server, framework and library, formerly known as Zope 3.
  • guava - A lightweight and high performance web framework for Python written in C.


Libraries that allow or deny users access to data or functionality.

  • django-guardian - Implementation of per object permissions for Django 1.2+
  • Carteblanche - Module to align code with thoughts of users and designers. Also magically handles navigation and permissions.


Content Management Systems.

  • django-cms - An Open source enterprise CMS based on the Django.
  • djedi-cms - A lightweight but yet powerful Django CMS with plugins, inline editing and performance in mind.
  • FeinCMS - One of the most advanced Content Management Systems built on Django.
  • Kotte - A high-level, Pythonic web application framework built on Pyramid.
  • Mezzanine - A powerful, consistent, and flexible content management platform.
  • Opps - A Django-based CMS for magazines, newspapers websites and portals with high-traffic.
  • Plone - A CMS built on top of the open source application server Zope.
  • Quokka - Flexible, extensible, small CMS powered by Flask and MongoDB.
  • Wagtail - A Django content management system.
  • Widgy - Last CMS framework, based on Django.


Frameworks and libraries for e-commerce and payments.

  • django-oscar - An open-source e-commerce framework for Django.
  • django-shop - A Django based shop system.
  • merchant - A Django app to accept payments from various payment processors.
  • money - Money class with optional CLDR-backed locale-aware formatting and an extensible currency exchange solution.
  • python-currencies - Display money format and its filthy currencies.
  • alipay - Unofficial Alipay API for Python.


Libraries for developing RESTful APIs.

  • cornice - A REST framework for Pyramid.
  • django-rest-framework - A powerful and flexible toolkit that makes it easy to build Web APIs.
  • django-tastypie - Creating delicious APIs for Django apps.
  • django-formapi - Create JSON APIs with HMAC authentication and Django form-validation.
  • flask-api - An implementation of the same web browsable APIs that django-rest-framework provides.
  • flask-restful - An extension for Flask that adds support for quickly building REST APIs.
  • flask-restless - A Flask extension for generating ReSTful APIs for database models defined with SQLAlchemy (or Flask-SQLAlchemy).
  • flask-api-utils - Flask extension that takes care of API representation and authentication.
  • falcon - A high-performance Python framework for building cloud APIs and web app backends.
  • eve - REST API framework powered by Flask, MongoDB and good intentions.
  • sandman - Automated REST APIs for existing database-driven systems.
  • restless - Framework agnostic REST framework based on lessons learned from TastyPie.
  • savory-pie - REST API building library (django, and others)


Libraries for implementing authentications schemes.

  • OAuth
    • Authomatic - Simple but powerful framework agnostic authentication/authorization client package.
    • OAuthLib - A generic, spec-compliant, thorough implementation of the OAuth request-signing logic.
    • rauth - A Python library for OAuth 1.0/a, 2.0, and Ofly.
    • python-oauth2 - A fully tested, abstract interface to creating OAuth clients and servers.
    • python-social-auth - An easy-to-setup social authentication mechanism.
    • django-oauth-toolkit - OAuth2 goodies for the Djangonauts.
    • django-oauth2-provider - Providing OAuth2 access to Django app.
    • django-allauth - Authentication app for Django that “just works.”
    • Flask-OAuthlib - OAuth 1.0/a, 2.0 implementation of client and provider for Flask.
    • sanction - A dead simple OAuth2 client implementation.
  • Others
    • PyJWT - Implementation of the JSON Web Token draft 01.
    • python-jwt - Module for generating and verifying JSON Web Tokens.
    • python-jws - Implementation of JSON Web Signatures draft 02.
    • jose - JavaScript Object Signing and Encryption draft implementation.

Template Engine

Libraries and tools for templating and lexing.

  • Jinja2 - A modern and designer friendly templating language.
  • Genshi - Python templating toolkit for generation of web-aware output.
  • Mako - Hyperfast and lightweight templating for the Python platform.
  • Chameleon - An HTML/XML template engine. Modeled after ZPT, optimized for speed.
  • Spitfire - A very fast Python template compiler.


Libraries for working with event and task queues.

  • celery - An asynchronous task queue/job queue based on distributed message passing.
  • huey - Little multi-threaded task queue.
  • mrq - Mr. Queue - A distributed worker task queue in Python using Redis & gevent.
  • rq - Simple job queues for Python.
  • simpleq - A simple, infinitely scalable, Amazon SQS based queue.


Libraries and software for indexing and performing search queries on data.

News Feed

Libraries for building user’s activities.

  • Feedly - A library to build newsfeed and notification systems using Cassandra and Redis.
  • django-activity-stream - Generate generic activity streams from the actions on your site.

Asset Management

Tools for managing, compressing and minifying website assets.

  • django-compressor - Compresses linked and inline javascript or CSS into a single cached file.
  • jinja-assets-compressor - A Jinja extension to compile and compress your assets.
  • webassets - Bundles, optimizes, and manages unique cache-busting URLs for static resources.
  • fanstatic - Packages, optimizes, and serves static file dependencies as Python packages.
  • fileconveyor - Monitors changes, processes, and transports assets to CDNs and file storage systems.
  • django-storages - A collection of custom storage backends for Django.
  • glue - Glue is a simple command line tool to generate CSS sprites.
  • libsass-python - A Python binding of libsass, the reference implementation of SASS/SCSS.
  • Flask-Assets - Helps you integrate webassets into your Flask app.


Libraries for caching data.

  • Beaker - A library for caching and sessions for use with web applications and stand-alone Python scripts and applications.
  • dogpile.cache - dogpile.cache is next generation replacement for Beaker made by same authors.
  • HermesCache - Python caching library with tag-based invalidation and dogpile effect prevention.
  • django-cache-machine - Automatic caching and invalidation for Django models through the ORM.
  • django-cacheops - A slick ORM cache with automatic granular event-driven invalidation.
  • johnny-cache - A caching framework for django applications.
  • django-viewlet - Render template parts with extended cache control.
  • pylibmc - A Python wrapper around the libmemcached interface.


Libraries for sending and parsing email.

  • - Python SMTP Server for Humans.
  • imbox - Python IMAP for Humans.
  • inbox - The open source email toolkit.
  • lamson - Pythonic SMTP Application Server.
  • flanker - A email address and Mime parsing library.
  • marrow.mailer - High-performance extensible mail delivery framework.
  • django-celery-ses - Django email backend with AWS SES and Celery.
  • modoboa - A mail hosting and management platform including a modern and simplified Web UI.
  • envelopes - Mailing for human beings.
  • mailjet - Mailjet API implementation for batch mailing, statistics and more.
  • Talon - Mailgun library to extract message quotations and signatures.
  • pyzmail - Compose, send and parse emails.


Libraries for working with i18n.

  • Babel - An internationalization library for Python.
  • Korean - A library for Korean morphology.

URL Manipulation

Libraries for parsing URLs.

  • furl - A small Python library that makes manipulating URLs simple.
  • purl - A simple, immutable URL class with a clean API for interrogation and manipulation.
  • pyshorteners - A pure Python URL shortening lib.
  • short_url - Python implementation for generating Tiny URL and URLs.
  • webargs - A friendly library for parsing HTTP request arguments, with built-in support for popular web frameworks, including Flask, Django, Bottle, Tornado, and Pyramid.

HTML Manipulation

Libraries for working with HTML and XML.

  • BeautifulSoup - Providing Pythonic idioms for iterating, searching, and modifying HTML or XML.
  • lxml - A very fast, easy-to-use and versatile library for handling HTML and XML.
  • html5lib - A standards-compliant library for parsing and serializing HTML documents and fragments.
  • pyquery - A jQuery-like library for parsing HTML.
  • cssutils - A CSS library for Python.
  • MarkupSafe - Implements a XML/HTML/XHTML Markup safe string for Python.
  • bleach - A whitelist-based HTML sanitization and text linkification library.
  • xmltodict - Working with XML feel like you are working with JSON.
  • xhtml2pdf - HTML/CSS to PDF converter.
  • untangle - Converts XML documents to Python objects for easy access.

Web Crawling

Libraries for scraping websites.

  • Scrapy - A fast high-level screen scraping and web crawling framework.
  • portia - Visual scraping for Scrapy.
  • feedparser - Universal feed parser.
  • RoboBrowser - A simple, Pythonic library for browsing the web without a standalone web browser.
  • MechanicalSoup - A Python library for automating interaction with websites.
  • mechanize - Stateful programmatic web browsing.
  • Demiurge - PyQuery-based scraping micro-framework.
  • cola - A distributed crawling framework.
  • pyspider - A powerful spider system.
  • Grab - Site scraping framework.

Web Content Extracting

Libraries for extracting web contents.

  • newspaper - News extraction, article extraction and content curation in Python.
  • html2text - Convert HTML to Markdown-formatted text.
  • python-goose - HTML Content/Article Extractor.
  • lassie - Web Content Retrieval for Humans.
  • micawber - A small library for extracting rich content from URLs.
  • sumy - A module for automatic summarization of text documents and HTML pages.
  • Haul - An Extensible Image Crawler.
  • python-readability - Fast Python port of arc90’s readability tool.
  • opengraph - A Python module to parse the Open Graph Protocol
  • textract - Extract text from any document, Word, PowerPoint, PDFs, etc.
  • sanitize - Bringing sanity to world of messed-up data.


Libraries for working with forms.

  • WTForms - A flexible forms validation and rendering library.
  • WTForms-JSON - A WTForms extension for JSON data handling.
  • Deform - Python HTML form generation library influenced by the formish form generation library.
  • django-bootstrap3 - Bootstrap 3 integration with Django.
  • django-crispy-forms - A Django app which lets you create beautiful forms in a very elegant and DRY way.
  • django-remote-forms - A platform independent Django form serializer.

Data Validation

Libraries for validating data. Used for forms in many cases.

  • voluptuous - A Python data validation library. It is primarily intended for validating data coming into Python as JSON, YAML, etc.
  • colander - A system for validating and deserializing data obtained via XML, JSON, an HTML form post or any other equally simple data serialization.
  • schema - A library for validating Python data structures.
  • Schematics - Data Structure Validation.
  • kmatch - A language for matching/validating/filtering Python dictionaries.
  • valideer - Lightweight extensible data validation and adaptation library.


Libraries for fighting spam.


Libraries for tagging items.

Admin Panels

Libraries for administrative interfaces.

  • Ajenti - The admin panel your servers deserve.
  • Grappelli – A jazzy skin for the Django Admin-Interface.
  • django-suit - Alternative Django Admin-Interface (free only for Non-commercial use).
  • django-xadmin - Drop-in replacement of Django admin comes with lots of goodies.
  • flask-admin - Simple and extensible administrative interface framework for Flask.
  • flower - Real-time monitor and web admin for Celery.

Static Site Generator

Static site generator is a software that takes some text + templates as input and produces html files on the output.

  • Pelican - Uses Markdown or ReST for content and Jinja 2 for themes. Supports DVCS, Disqus. AGPL.
  • Cactus – Static site generator for designers.
  • Hyde - Jinja2-based static web site generator.
  • Nikola - A static website and blog generator.
  • Tinkerer - Tinkerer is a blogging engine/.static website generator powered by Sphinx.

Processes and Threads

Libraries for working with processes or threads

  • multiprocessing - (Python standard library) Process-based “threading” interface.
  • threading - (Python standard library) Higher-level threading interface.
  • envoy - Python Subprocesses for Humans™.
  • sh - A full-fledged subprocess replacement for Python.
  • sarge - A wrapper for subprocess.

Concurrency and Networking

Libraries for concurrency and network programming.

  • asyncio - (Python standard library in Python 3.4+) Asynchronous I/O, event loop, coroutines and tasks.
  • gevent - A coroutine-based Python networking library that uses greenlet.
  • Twisted - An event-driven networking engine.
  • Tornado - A Web framework and asynchronous networking library.
  • pulsar - Event-driven concurrent framework for Python.
  • diesel - Greenlet-based event I/O Framework for Python.
  • eventlet - Asynchronous framework with WSGI support.
  • pyzmq - A Python wrapper for the 0MQ message library.
  • txZMQ - Twisted based wrapper for the 0MQ message library.
  • Crossbar - Open-source Unified Application Router (Websocket & WAMP for Python on Autobahn).


Libraries for working with WebSocket.

WSGI Servers

WSGI-compatible web servers.

  • wsgiref - (Python standard library) WSGI reference implementation, single-threaded.
  • Werkzeug - A WSGI utility library for Python that powers Flask and can easily be embedded into your own projects.
  • paste - Multi-threaded, stable, tried and tested.
  • rocket - Multi-threaded.
  • waitress - Multi-threaded, poweres Pyramid.
  • netius - Asynchronous, very fast.
  • gunicorn - Pre-forked, partly written in C.
  • fapws3 - Asynchronous (network side only), written in C.
  • meinheld - Asynchronous, partly written in C.
  • bjoern - Asynchronous, very fast and written in C.

RPC Servers

RPC-compatible servers.


  • PyCrypto - The Python Cryptography Toolkit.
  • Paramiko - A Python (2.6+, 3.3+) implementation of the SSHv2 protocol, providing both client and server functionality.
  • cryptography - A package designed to expose cryptographic primitives and recipes to Python developers.
  • PyNacl - Python binding to the Networking and Cryptography (NaCl) library.
  • hashids - Implementation of hashids in Python.
  • Passlib - Secure password storage/hashing library, very high level.


Libraries for working with graphical user interface applications.

  • PyQt - Python bindings for the Qt cross-platform application and UI framework, with support for both Qt v4 and Qt v5 frameworks.
  • PySide - Python bindings for the Qt cross-platform application and UI framework, supporting the Qt v4 framework.
  • wxPython - A blending of the wxWidgets C++ class library with the Python.
  • kivy - A library for creating NUI applications, running on Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Android and iOS.
  • curses - Built-in wrapper for ncurses used to create terminal GUI applications.
  • urwid - A library for creating terminal GUI applications with strong support for widgets, events, rich colors, etc.
  • pyglet - A cross-platform windowing and multimedia library for Python.
  • Tkinter - Tkinter is Python’s de-facto standard GUI package.
  • enaml - Creating beautiful user-interfaces with Declaratic Syntax like QML.
  • Toga - A Python native, OS native GUI toolkit.

Game Development

Awesome game development libraries.

  • Pygame - Pygame is a set of Python modules designed for writing games.
  • Cocos2d - cocos2d is a framework for building 2D games, demos, and other graphical/interactive applications. It is based on pyglet.
  • PySDL2 - A ctypes based wrapper for the SDL2 library.
  • Panda3D - 3D game engine developed by Disney and maintained by Carnegie Mellon’s Entertainment Technology Center. Written in C++, completely wrapped in Python.
  • PyOgre - Python bindings for the Ogre 3D render engine, can be used for games, simulations, anything 3D.
  • PyOpenGL - Python ctypes bindings for OpenGL and it’s related APIs.
  • PySFML - Python bindings for SFML
  • RenPy - A Visual Novel engine.


Libraries for generating and working with log files.

  • logging - (Python standard library) Logging facility for Python.
  • logbook - Logging replacement for Python.
  • Sentry - A realtime logging and aggregation server.
  • Raven - The Python client for Sentry.


Libraries for testing codebases and generating test data.

  • Testing Frameworks
    • unittest - (Python standard library) Unit testing framework.
    • nose - nose extends unittest.
    • pytest - A mature full-featured Python testing tool.
    • mamba - The definitive testing tool for Python. Born under the banner of BDD.
    • contexts - A BDD framework for Python 3.3+. Inspired by C#’s Machine.Specifications.
    • pyshould - Should style asserts based on PyHamcrest.
    • pyvows - BDD style testing for Python. Inspired by Vows.js.
  • Web Testing
    • Selenium - Python bindings for Selenium WebDriver.
    • splinter - Open source tool for testing web applications.
    • locust - Scalable user load testing tool written in Python.
    • sixpack - A language-agnostic A/B Testing framework.
  • Mock
    • mock - A Python Mocking and Patching Library for Testing.
    • responses - A utility library for mocking out the requests Python library.
    • doublex - Powerful test doubles framework for Python.
    • freezegun - Travel through time by mocking the datetime module.
    • httpretty - HTTP request mock tool for Python.
    • httmock - A mocking library for requests for Python 2.6+ and 3.2+.
  • Code Coverage
  • Fake Data
    • faker - A Python package that generates fake data.
    • fake2db - Fake database generator.
    • mixer - Generating fake data and creating random fixtures for testing in Django ORM, SQLAlchemy, Peewee, MongoEngine, Pony ORM and etc.
    • model_mommy - Creating random fixtures for testing in Django.
    • ForgeryPy - An easy to use forged data generator for Python. It’s a port of forgery.
    • radar - Generate random datetime / time.
  • Error Handler
    • - uses state-of-the-art technology to make sure your Python code runs whether it has any right to or not.

Code Analysis and Linter

Libraries and tools for analysing, parsing and manipulation codebases.

  • Code Analysis
    • pysonar2 - A type inferencer and indexer for Python.
    • pycallgraph - A library that visualises the flow (call graph) of your Python application.
    • code2flow - Turn your Python and JavaScript code into DOT flowcharts.
  • Linter
    • Flake8 - The modular source code checker: pep8, pyflakes and co.
    • pylama - Code audit tool for Python and JavaScript.
    • Pylint - A source code analyzer.

Debugging Tools

Libraries for debugging code.

  • pdb - (Python standard library) The Python Debugger.
  • ipdb - IPython-enabled pdb.
  • winpdb - A Platform Independent Python Debugger with GUI.
  • pudb – A full-screen, console-based Python debugger.
  • pyringe - Debugger capable of attaching to and injecting code into Python processes.
  • python-statsd - Python Client for the statsd server.
  • memory_profiler - Monitor Memory usage of Python code.
  • profiling - An interactive Python profiler.
  • django-debug-toolbar - Display various debug information about the current request/response.
  • django-devserver - A drop-in replacement for Django’s runserver.
  • flask-debugtoolbar - A port of the django-debug-toolbar to flask.
  • pyelftools - A pure-Python library for parsing and analyzing ELF files and DWARF debugging information.

Science and Data Analysis

Libraries for scientific computing and data analyzing.

  • SciPy - A Python-based ecosystem of open-source software for mathematics, science, and engineering.
  • NumPy - A fundamental package for scientific computing with Python.
  • Numba - Python JIT (just in time) complier to LLVM aimed at scientific Python by the developers of Cython and NumPy.
  • NetworkX - A high-productivity software for complex networks.
  • Pandas - A library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools.
  • Open Mining - Business Intelligence (BI) in Python (Pandas web interface)
  • PyMC - Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling toolkit.
  • zipline - A Pythonic algorithmic trading library.
  • PyDy - Short for Python Dynamics, used to assist with workflow in the modeling of dynamic motion based around NumPy, SciPy, IPython, and matplotlib.
  • SymPy - A Python library for symbolic mathematics.
  • statsmodels - Statistical modeling and econometrics in Python.
  • astropy - A community Python library for Astronomy.
  • orange - Data mining, data visualization, analysis and machine learning through visual programming or Python scripting.
  • RDKit - Cheminformatics and Machine Learning Software.
  • Open Babel - A chemical toolbox designed to speak the many languages of chemical data.
  • cclib - A library for parsing and interpreting the results of computational chemistry packages.
  • Biopython - Biopython is a set of freely available tools for biological computation.
  • bccb - Collection of useful code related to biological analysis.
  • bcbio-nextgen - A toolkit providing best-practice pipelines for fully automated high throughput sequencing analysis.
  • blaze - NumPy and Pandas interface to Big Data.

Data Visualization

Libraries for visualizing data. See: awesome-javascript.

  • matplotlib - A Python 2D plotting library.
  • bokeh - Interactive Web Plotting for Python.
  • plotly - Collaborative web plotting for Python and matplotlib.
  • vincent - A Python to Vega translator.
  • d3py - A plottling library for Python, based on D3.js.
  • ggplot - Same API as ggplot2 for R.
  • - Rendering beautiful SVG maps in Python.
  • pygal - A Python SVG Charts Creator.
  • pygraphviz - Python interface to Graphviz.
  • PyQtGraph - Interactive and realtime 2D/3D/Image plotting and science/engineering widgets.
  • VisPy - High-performance scientific visualization based on OpenGL.

Computer Vision

Libraries for computer vision.

  • OpenCV - Open Source Computer Vision Library.
  • SimpleCV - An open source framework for building computer vision applications.

Machine Learning

Libraries for Machine Learning. See: awesome-machine-learning.

  • scikit-learn - A Python module for machine learning built on top of SciPy.
  • pattern - Web mining module for Python.
  • NuPIC - Numenta Platform for Intelligent Computing.
  • Pylearn2 - A Machine Learning library based on Theano.
  • hebel - GPU-Accelerated Deep Learning Library in Python.
  • gensim - Topic Modelling for Humans.
  • PyBrain - Another Python Machine Learning Library.
  • Crab - A flexible, fast recommender engine.
  • python-recsys - A Python library for implementing a Recommender System.
  • vowpal_porpoise - A lightweight Python wrapper for Vowpal Wabbit.


Framworks and libraries for MapReduce.

  • PySpark - The Spark Python API.
  • dpark - Python clone of Spark, a MapReduce alike framework in Python.
  • luigi - A module that helps you build complex pipelines of batch jobs.
  • mrjob - Run MapReduce jobs on Hadoop or Amazon Web Services.
  • dumbo - Python module that allows one to easily write and run Hadoop programs.
  • streamparse - Run Python code against real-time streams of data. Integrates with Apache Storm.

Functional Programming

Functional Programming with Python.

  • - Functional programming in Python: implementation of missing features to enjoy FP.
  • funcy - A fancy and practical fu

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