koa-graphql 0,0,0,0,0 eslint flowtype travis-ci npm

Create a GraphQL HTTP server with Koa.

3 years after BSD-3-Clause

GraphQL Koa Middleware

NPM version Build Status Test coverage Dependency Status

Create a GraphQL HTTP server with Koa.

Port from express-graphql


npm install --save koa-graphql


Mount koa-graphql as a route handler:

const koa = require('koa');
const mount = require('koa-mount'); // [email protected]
const graphqlHTTP = require('koa-graphql');

const app = koa();

app.use(mount('/graphql', graphqlHTTP({
  schema: MyGraphQLSchema,
  graphiql: true


For Koa 2, use koa-convert to convert the middleware:

const koa = require('koa');
const mount = require('koa-mount'); // [email protected]
const convert = require('koa-convert');
const graphqlHTTP = require('koa-graphql');

const app = new Koa();

app.use(mount('/graphql', convert(graphqlHTTP({
  schema: MyGraphQLSchema,
  graphiql: true

For Koa 2 with [email protected]

const koa = require('koa');
const Router = require('koa-router'); // [email protected]
const convert = require('koa-convert');
const graphqlHTTP = require('koa-graphql');

const app = new Koa();
const router = new Router();

router.all('/graphql', convert(graphqlHTTP({
  schema: MyGraphQLSchema,
  graphiql: true


NOTE: Below is a copy from express-graphql's README. In this time I implemented almost same api, but it may be changed as time goes on.


The graphqlHTTP function accepts the following options:

  • schema: A GraphQLSchema instance from graphql-js. A schema must be provided.

  • graphiql: If true, presents GraphiQL when the route with a /graphiql appended is loaded in a browser. We recommend that you set graphiql to true when your app is in development, because it's quite useful. You may or may not want it in production.

  • rootValue: A value to pass as the rootValue to the graphql() function from graphql-js.

  • context: A value to pass as the context to the graphql() function from graphql-js. If context is not provided, the request object is passed as the context.

  • pretty: If true, any JSON response will be pretty-printed.

  • formatError: An optional function which will be used to format any errors produced by fulfilling a GraphQL operation. If no function is provided, GraphQL's default spec-compliant formatError function will be used.

  • validationRules: Optional additional validation rules queries must satisfy in addition to those defined by the GraphQL spec.

HTTP Usage

Once installed at a path, koa-graphql will accept requests with the parameters:

  • query: A string GraphQL document to be executed.

  • variables: The runtime values to use for any GraphQL query variables as a JSON object.

  • operationName: If the provided query contains multiple named operations, this specifies which operation should be executed. If not provided, a 400 error will be returned if the query contains multiple named operations.

  • raw: If the graphiql option is enabled and the raw parameter is provided raw JSON will always be returned instead of GraphiQL even when loaded from a browser.

GraphQL will first look for each parameter in the URL's query-string:


If not found in the query-string, it will look in the POST request body.

If a previous middleware has already parsed the POST body, the request.body value will be used. Use multer or a similar middleware to add support for multipart/form-data content, which may be useful for GraphQL mutations involving uploading files. See an example using multer.

If the POST body has not yet been parsed, koa-graphql will interpret it depending on the provided Content-Type header.

  • application/json: the POST body will be parsed as a JSON object of parameters.

  • application/x-www-form-urlencoded: this POST body will be parsed as a url-encoded string of key-value pairs.

  • application/graphql: The POST body will be parsed as GraphQL query string, which provides the query parameter.

Combining with Other koa Middleware

By default, the koa request is passed as the GraphQL context. Since most koa middleware operates by adding extra data to the request object, this means you can use most koa middleware just by inserting it before graphqlHTTP is mounted. This covers scenarios such as authenticating the user, handling file uploads, or mounting GraphQL on a dynamic endpoint.

This example uses koa-session to provide GraphQL with the currently logged-in session.

const koa = require('koa');
const mount = require('koa-mount');
const session = require('koa-session');
const graphqlHTTP = require('koa-graphql');

const app = koa();
app.keys = [ 'some secret hurr' ];
app.use(function *(next) {
  this.session.id = 'me';
  yield next;

app.use(mount('/graphql', graphqlHTTP({
  schema: MySessionAwareGraphQLSchema,
  graphiql: true

Then in your type definitions, you can access the ctx via the third "context" argument in your resolve function:

new GraphQLObjectType({
  name: 'MyType',
  fields: {
    myField: {
      type: GraphQLString,
      resolve(parentValue, args, ctx) {
        // use `ctx.session` here

Debugging Tips

During development, it's useful to get more information from errors, such as stack traces. Providing a function to formatError enables this:

formatError: error => ({
  message: error.message,
  locations: error.locations,
  stack: error.stack


Other relevant projects

Please checkout awesome-graphql.


Welcome pull requests!



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Top Contributors

chentsulin thewillhuang sonnypgs


package version
babel-runtime ^6.22.0
express-graphql ^0.6.6
http-errors ^1.6.1
prettier ^1.3.1
thenify ^3.2.1
dev babel-cli ^6.24.1
babel-eslint ^7.2.3
babel-plugin-transform-async-to-generator ^6.24.1
babel-plugin-transform-class-properties ^6.24.1
babel-plugin-transform-flow-strip-types ^6.22.0
babel-plugin-transform-runtime ^6.23.0
babel-preset-es2015 ^6.24.1
babel-register ^6.24.1
babel-runtime ^6.23.0
chai ^3.5.0
co-body ^5.1.1
coveralls ^2.13.1
eslint 3.19.0
eslint-plugin-flowtype 2.33.0
flow-bin ^0.47.0
graphql 0.10.0
isparta ^4.0.0
koa ^2.2.0
koa-mount ^3.0.0
koa-session ^5.0.0
mocha ^3.4.2
multer ^1.3.0
raw-body ^2.2.0
sane ^1.7.0
supertest 3.0.0
peer graphql ^0.10.0


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