JRuby-Rack is a lightweight adapter for the Java servlet environment that allows any Rack-based application to run unmodified in a Java servlet container. JRuby-Rack supports Rails as well as any Rack-compatible Ruby web framework.
For more information on Rack, visit http://rack.rubyforge.org.
The easiest way to use JRuby-Rack is to get Warbler. Warbler depends on the latest version of JRuby-Rack and ensures it gets placed in your WAR file when it gets built.
If you’re assembling your own WAR using other means, you can install the jruby-rack gem. It provides a method to locate the jar file:
require 'fileutils' require 'jruby-rack' FileUtils.cp JRubyJars.jruby_rack_jar_path, '.'
Otherwise you’ll need to download the latest jar release, drop it into the WEB-INF/lib directory and configure the RackFilter in your application’s web.xml. Example web.xml snippets are as follows.
Here’s sample web.xml configuration for Rails. Note the environment and min/max runtime parameters. For multi-threaded Rails with a single runtime, set min/max both to 1. Otherwise, define the size of the runtime pool as you wish.
<context-param> <param-name>rails.env</param-name> <param-value>production</param-value> </context-param> <context-param> <param-name>jruby.min.runtimes</param-name> <param-value>1</param-value> </context-param> <context-param> <param-name>jruby.max.runtimes</param-name> <param-value>1</param-value> </context-param> <filter> <filter-name>RackFilter</filter-name> <filter-class>org.jruby.rack.RackFilter</filter-class> <!-- optional filter configuration init-params : --> <init-param> <param-name>resetUnhandledResponse</param-name> <param-value>true</param-value> <!-- true (default), false or buffer --> </init-param> <init-param> <param-name>addsHtmlToPathInfo</param-name> <param-value>true</param-value> <!-- true (default), false --> </init-param> <init-param> <param-name>verifiesHtmlResource</param-name> <param-value>false</param-value> <!-- true, false (default) --> </init-param> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>RackFilter</filter-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> </filter-mapping> <listener> <listener-class>org.jruby.rack.rails.RailsServletContextListener</listener-class> </listener>
For Other Rack Applications
Here’s a sample web.xml configuration for a Rack application. The main difference
is that JRuby-Rack looks for a “rackup” file named config.ru in
<filter> <filter-name>RackFilter</filter-name> <filter-class>org.jruby.rack.RackFilter</filter-class> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>RackFilter</filter-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> </filter-mapping> <listener> <listener-class>org.jruby.rack.RackServletContextListener</listener-class> </listener>
If you don’t have a config.ru or don’t want to include it in your web app, you can embed it in web.xml as follows (using Sinatra as an example).
Be sure to escape angle-brackets for XML !
<context-param> <param-name>rackup</param-name> <param-value> require 'rubygems' gem 'sinatra', '~> 1.3' require './lib/app' set :run, false set :environment, :production run Sinatra::Application </param-value> </context-param>
JRuby-Rack’s main mode of operation is as a servlet filter. This allows requests for static content to pass through and be served by the application server. Dynamic requests only happen for URLs that don’t have a corresponding file, much like many Ruby applications expect. The application can also be configured to dispatch through a servlet instead of a filter if it suits your environment better.
Servlet environment integration
- Servlet context is accessible to any application through the Rack environment
variable java.servlet_context as well as the
- Servlet request object is available in the Rack environment via the key java.servlet_request.
- Servlet request attributes are passed through to the Rack environment.
- Rack environment variables and headers can be overridden by servlet request attributes.
- Java servlet sessions are available as a session store for Rails. Session attributes with String keys and String, numeric, boolean, or java object values are automatically copied to the servlet session for you.
Several aspects of Rails are automatically set up for you.
- The Rails controller setting
ActionController::Base.relative_url_rootis set for you automatically according to the context root where your webapp is deployed.
Rails.loggeroutput is redirected to the application server log.
- Page caching and asset directories are configured appropriately.
JRuby Runtime Management
JRuby runtime management and pooling is done automatically by the framework. In the case of Rails, runtimes are pooled. For other Rack applications, currently, a single runtime is created and shared for every request.
JRuby-Rack can be configured by setting these key value pairs either as context init parameters in web.xml or as VM-wide system properties.
rackup: Rackup script for configuring how the Rack application is mounted. Required for Rack-based applications other than Rails. Can be omitted if a config.ru is included in the application root.
jruby.min.runtimes: For non-threadsafe Rails applications using a runtime pool, specify an integer minimum number of runtimes to hold in the pool.
jruby.max.runtimes: For non-threadsafe Rails applications, an integer maximum number of runtimes to keep in the pool.
jruby.init.serial: When using runtime pooling, indicate that the runtime pool should be created serially in the foreground rather than spawning background threads. For environments where creating threads is not permitted.
jruby.compat.version: Set to “1.8” or “1.9” to make JRuby run a specific version of Ruby.
public.root: Relative path to the location of your application’s static assets. Defaults to /.
gem.path: Relative path to the bundled gem repository. Defaults to /WEB-INF/gems.
rails.root: Root path to the location of the Rails application files. Defaults to /WEB-INF.
rails.env: Specify the Rails environment to run. Defaults to ‘production’.
rails.relative_url_append: Specify a path to be appended to the
ActionController::Base.relative_url_rootafter the context path. Useful for running a rails app from the same war as an existing app, under a sub-path of the main servlet context root.
jruby.rack.logging: Specify the logging device to use. Defaults to
servlet_context. See below.
jruby.rack.ignore.env: Clears out the
ENVhash in each runtime to insulate the application from the environment.
jruby.rack.request.size.initial.bytes: Initial size for request body memory buffer, see also
jruby.rack.request.size.maximum.bytes: The maximum size for the request in memory buffer, if the body is larger than this it gets spooled to a tempfile.
jruby.rack.filter.adds.html: deprecated use
addsHtmlToPathInfofilter config init parameter. The default behavior for Rails and many other Ruby applications is to add an .html extension to the resource and attempt to handle it before serving a dynamic request on the original URI. However, this behavior may confuse other servlets in your application that have a wildcard mapping. Defaults to true.
jruby.rack.filter.verify.resource.exists: deprecated use
verifiesHtmlResourcefilter config init parameter. If
jruby.rack.filter.adds.htmlis true, then this setting, when true, adds an additional check using
ServletContext#getResourceto verify that the .html resource exists. Default is false. (Note that apparently some servers may not implement
getResourcein the way that is expected here, so in that case this setting won’t matter.)
There are often cases where you need to perform custom initialization of the Ruby environment before booting the application. You can create a file called META-INF/init.rb or WEB-INF/init.rb inside the war file for this purpose. These files, if found, will be evaluated before booting the Rack environment, allowing you to set environment variables, load scripts, etc.
JRuby-Rack sets up a delegate logger for Rails that sends logging output to
javax.servlet.ServletContext#log by default. If you wish to use a different
logging system, configure
jruby.rack.logging as follows:
servlet_context(default): Sends log messages to the servlet context.
stdout: Sends log messages to the standard output stream
commons_logging: Sends log messages to Apache commons-logging. You still need to configure commons-logging with additional details.
slf4j: Sends log messages to SLF4J. Again, SLF4J configuration is left up to you.
log4j: Sends log messages to log4J. Again, Log4J configuration is left up to you.
For those loggers that require a specific named logger, set it in the
Checkout the JRuby Rack code and cd to that directory.
git clone git://github.com/jruby/jruby-rack.git cd jruby-rack
Ensure you have Maven installed. It is required for downloading jar artifacts that JRuby-Rack depends on.
You can choose to build with either Maven or Rake. Either of the following two will suffice.
mvn install jruby -S rake
The generated jar should be located here: target/jruby-rack-*.jar.
Please use GitHub to file bugs, patches and pull requests.
For JRuby-Rack contributors, the release process goes something like the following:
- Ensure that release version is correct in pom.xml and
mvn installruns clean.
- Ensure generated changes to src/main/ruby/jruby/rack/version.rb are checked in.
- Ensure History.txt is updated with latest release information.
- Tag current release in git:
git tag <version>.
- Push commits and tag:
git push origin master --tags
- Build gem:
rake clean gem
- Push gem:
gem push target/jruby-rack-*.gem
- Release jar to maven repository:
mvn -DupdateReleaseInfo=true deploy
- Bump the version in pom.xml to next release version X.X.X.dev-SNAPSHOT,
mvn install, and commit the changes.
This example shows how to create and deploy a simple Rails app using the embedded Java database H2 to a WAR using Warbler and JRuby-Rack.
Install Rails and the ActiveRecord adapters + driver for the H2 database:
jruby -S gem install rails activerecord-jdbch2-adapter
jruby -S gem install warbler
Make the “Blog” application
jruby -S rails new blog cd blog
Copy this configuration into config/database.yml:
development: adapter: jdbch2 database: db/development_h2_database test: adapter: jdbch2 database: db/test_h2_database production: adapter: jdbch2 database: db/production_h2_database
Add the following to your application’s Gemfile:
gem 'activerecord-jdbch2-adapter', :platform => :jruby
Generate a scaffold for a simple model of blog comments.
jruby script/rails generate scaffold comment name:string body:text
Run the database migration that was just created as part of the scaffold.
jruby -S rake db:migrate
Start your application on 3000 using WEBrick and make sure it works:
jruby script/rails server
Generate a production version of the H2 database for the application:
RAILS_ENV=production jruby -S rake db:migrate
Generate a custom Warbler WAR configuration for the blog application
jruby -S warble config
Edit config/warble.rb and add the following line after these comments:
# Additional files/directories to include, above those in config.dirs # config.includes = FileList["db"] config.includes = FileList["db/production_h2*"]
This will tell Warbler to include the just initialized production H2 database in the WAR.
Now generate the WAR file:
jruby -S warble war
This task generates the file: blog.war at the top level of the application as well as an exploded version of the war located at tmp/war.
The war should be ready to deploy to your Java application server.
- All contributors! But also:
- Dudley Flanders, for the Merb support
- Robert Egglestone, for the original JRuby servlet integration project, Goldspike
- Chris Neukirchen, for Rack
- Sun Microsystems, for early project support
- Engine Yard, for more recent support