pandasticsearch travis-ci python

An Elasticsearch client exposing DataFrame API

Pandasticsearch

Build Status PyPI

Pandasticsearch is an Elasticsearch client for data-analysis purpose. It provides table-like access to Elasticsearch documents, similar to the Python Pandas library and R DataFrames.

To install:

pip install pandasticsearch
# if you intent to export Pandas DataFrame 
pip install pandasticsearch[pandas]

Elasticsearch is skilled in real-time indexing, search and data-analysis. Pandasticsearch can convert the analysis results (e.g. multi-level nested aggregation) into Pandas DataFrame objects for subsequent data analysis.

Checkout the API doc: http://pandasticsearch.readthedocs.io/en/latest/.

Usage

DataFrame API

A DataFrame object accesses Elasticsearch data with high level operations. It is type-safe, easy-to-use and Pandas-flavored.

# Create a DataFrame object
from pandasticsearch import DataFrame
df = DataFrame.from_es('http://localhost:9200', index='people')

# Print the schema(mapping) of the index
df.print_schema()
# company
# |-- employee
#   |-- name: {'index': 'not_analyzed', 'type': 'string'}
#   |-- age: {'type': 'integer'}
#   |-- gender: {'index': 'not_analyzed', 'type': 'string'}

# Inspect the columns
df.columns
#['name', 'age', 'gender']

# Denote a column
df.name
# Column('name')
df['age']
# Column('age')

# Projection
df.filter(df.age < 25).select('name', 'age').collect()
# [Row(age=12,name='Alice'), Row(age=11,name='Bob'), Row(age=13,name='Leo')]

# Print the rows into console
df.filter(df.age < 25).select('name').show(3)
# +------+
# | name |
# +------+
# | Alice|
# | Bob  |
# | Leo  |
# +------+

# Convert to Pandas object for subsequent analysis
df[df.gender == 'male'].agg(df.age.avg).to_pandas()
#    avg(age)
# 0        12

# Translate the DataFrame to an ES query (dictionary)
df[df.gender == 'male'].agg(df.age.avg).to_dict()
# {'query': {'filtered': {'filter': {'term': {'gender': 'male'}}}}, 'aggregations': {'avg(birthYear)':
# {'avg': {'field': 'birthYear'}}}, 'size': 0}

Filter

# Filter by a boolean condition
df.filter(df.age < 13).collect()
# [Row(age=12,gender='female',name='Alice'), Row(age=11,gender='male',name='Bob')]

# Filter by a set of boolean conditions
df.filter(df.age < 13 & df.gender == 'male').collect()
# Row(age=11,gender='male',name='Bob')]

# Filter by a wildcard (sql `like`)
df.filter(df.name.like('A*')).collect()
# [Row(age=12,gender='female',name='Alice')]

# Filter by a regular expression (sql `rlike`)
df.filter(df.name.rlike('A.l.e')).collect()
# [Row(age=12,gender='female',name='Alice')]

# Filter by a prefixed string pattern
df.filter(df.name.startswith('Al')).collect()
# [Row(age=12,gender='female',name='Alice')]

# Filter by a script
from pandasticsearch.operators import ScriptFilter
df.filter(ScriptFilter('2016 - doc["age"].value > 1995')).collect()
# [Row(age=12,name='Alice'), Row(age=13,name='Leo')]

Aggregation

# Aggregation
df[df.gender == 'male'].agg(df.age.avg).collect()
# [Row(avg(age)=12)]

# Groupby only (will give the `doc_count`)
df.groupby('gender').collect()
# [Row(doc_count=1), Row(doc_count=2)]

# Groupby and then aggregate
df.groupby('gender').agg(df.age.max).collect()
# [Row(doc_count=1, max(age)=12), Row(doc_count=2, max(age)=13)]

# Group by a set of ranges
df.groupby(df.age.ranges([10,12,14])).to_pandas()
#                   doc_count
# range(10,12,14)
# 10.0-12.0                 2
# 12.0-14.0                 1

# Advanced ES aggregation
df.groupby(df.gender).agg(df.age.stats).to_pandas()
df.agg(df.age.extended_stats).to_pandas()
df.agg(df.age.percentiles).to_pandas()

Sort

# Sort
df.sort(df.age.asc).select('name', 'age').collect()
# [Row(age=11,name='Bob'), Row(age=12,name='Alice'), Row(age=13,name='Leo')]

# Sort by a script
from pandasticsearch.operators import ScriptSorter
df.sort(ScriptSorter('doc["age"].value * 2')).collect()
# [Row(age=11,name='Bob'), Row(age=12,name='Alice'), Row(age=13,name='Leo')]

Use with Another Python Client

Pandasticsearch can also be used with another full featured Python client:

Build query

from pandasticsearch import DataFrame
body = df[df['gender'] == 'male'].agg(df['age'].avg).to_dict()
 
from elasticsearch import Elasticsearch
result_dict = es.search(index="recruit", body=body)

Parse result

from elasticsearch import Elasticsearch
es = Elasticsearch('http://localhost:9200')
result_dict = es.search(index="recruit", body={"query": {"match_all": {}}})

from pandasticsearch import Select
pandas_df = Select.from_dict(result_dict).to_pandas()

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