rust-rocksdb

Build Status crates.io

This library has been tested against RocksDB 3.13.1 on linux and OSX. The 0.4.1 crate should work with the Rust 1.9 stable and nightly releases as of 7/1/16.

status

  • [x] basic open/put/get/delete/close
  • [x] rustic merge operator
  • [x] write batch (thanks @dgrnbrg!)
  • [x] compaction filter, style
  • [x] LRU cache
  • [x] destroy/repair
  • [x] iterator
  • [x] comparator
  • [x] snapshot
  • [x] column family operations
  • [ ] prefix seek
  • [ ] slicetransform
  • [ ] windows support

Feedback and pull requests welcome! If a particular feature of RocksDB is important to you, please let me know by opening an issue, and I'll prioritize it.

Prerequisite: RocksDB

First, use your system's package manager to install snappy. This is optional, but lets rocksdb take advantage of better compression, and some code may require it.

wget https://github.com/facebook/rocksdb/archive/rocksdb-3.8.tar.gz
tar xvf rocksdb-3.8.tar.gz && cd rocksdb-rocksdb-3.8 && make shared_lib
sudo make install

Running

Cargo.toml
[dependencies]
rocksdb = "0.4.1"
Code
extern crate rocksdb;
use rocksdb::{DB, Writable};

fn main() {
    let mut db = DB::open_default("/path/for/rocksdb/storage").unwrap();
    db.put(b"my key", b"my value");
    match db.get(b"my key") {
        Ok(Some(value)) => println!("retrieved value {}", value.to_utf8().unwrap()),
        Ok(None) => println!("value not found"),
        Err(e) => println!("operational problem encountered: {}", e),
    }

    db.delete(b"my key");
}
Doing an atomic commit of several writes
extern crate rocksdb;
use rocksdb::{DB, WriteBatch, Writable};

fn main() {
    // NB: db is automatically freed at end of lifetime
    let mut db = DB::open_default("/path/for/rocksdb/storage").unwrap();
    {
        let mut batch = WriteBatch::default(); // WriteBatch and db both have trait Writable
        batch.put(b"my key", b"my value");
        batch.put(b"key2", b"value2");
        batch.put(b"key3", b"value3");
        db.write(batch); // Atomically commits the batch
    }
}
Getting an Iterator
extern crate rocksdb;
use rocksdb::{DB, Direction, IteratorMode};

fn main() {
    // NB: db is automatically freed at end of lifetime
    let mut db = DB::open_default("/path/for/rocksdb/storage").unwrap();
    let mut iter = db.iterator(IteratorMode::Start); // Always iterates forward
    for (key, value) in iter {
        println!("Saw {} {}", key, value); //actually, need to convert [u8] keys into Strings
    }
    iter = db.iterator(IteratorMode::End);  // Always iterates backward
    for (key, value) in iter {
        println!("Saw {} {}", key, value);
    }
    iter = db.iterator(IteratorMode::From(b"my key", Direction::forward)); // From a key in Direction::{forward,reverse}
    for (key, value) in iter {
        println!("Saw {} {}", key, value);
    }

    // You can seek with an existing Iterator instance, too
    iter.set_mode(IteratorMode::From(b"another key", Direction::reverse));
    for (key, value) in iter {
        println!("Saw {} {}", key, value);
    }
}
Getting an Iterator from a Snapshot
extern crate rocksdb;
use rocksdb::{DB, Direction};

fn main() {
    // NB: db is automatically freed at end of lifetime
    let mut db = DB::open_default("/path/for/rocksdb/storage").unwrap();
    let snapshot = db.snapshot(); // Creates a longer-term snapshot of the DB, but freed when goes out of scope
    let mut iter = snapshot.iterator(IteratorMode::Start); // Make as many iterators as you'd like from one snapshot
}
Rustic Merge Operator
extern crate rocksdb;
use rocksdb::{Options, DB, MergeOperands, Writable};

fn concat_merge(new_key: &[u8], existing_val: Option<&[u8]>,
    operands: &mut MergeOperands) -> Vec<u8> {
    let mut result: Vec<u8> = Vec::with_capacity(operands.size_hint().0);
    existing_val.map(|v| {
        for e in v {
            result.push(*e)
        }
    });
    for op in operands {
        for e in op {
            result.push(*e)
        }
    }
    result
}

fn main() {
    let path = "/path/to/rocksdb";
    let mut opts = Options::default();
    opts.create_if_missing(true);
    opts.add_merge_operator("test operator", concat_merge);
    let mut db = DB::open(&opts, path).unwrap();
    let p = db.put(b"k1", b"a");
    db.merge(b"k1", b"b");
    db.merge(b"k1", b"c");
    db.merge(b"k1", b"d");
    db.merge(b"k1", b"efg");
    let r = db.get(b"k1");
    assert!(r.unwrap().unwrap().to_utf8().unwrap() == "abcdefg");
}
Apply Some Tunings

Please read the official tuning guide, and most importantly, measure performance under realistic workloads with realistic hardware.

use rocksdb::{Options, DB};
use rocksdb::DBCompactionStyle::DBUniversalCompaction;

fn badly_tuned_for_somebody_elses_disk() -> DB {
    let path = "_rust_rocksdb_optimizetest";
    let mut opts = Options::default();
    opts.create_if_missing(true);
    opts.set_max_open_files(10000);
    opts.set_use_fsync(false);
    opts.set_bytes_per_sync(8388608);
    opts.set_disable_data_sync(false);
    opts.set_block_cache_size_mb(1024);
    opts.set_table_cache_num_shard_bits(6);
    opts.set_max_write_buffer_number(32);
    opts.set_write_buffer_size(536870912);
    opts.set_target_file_size_base(1073741824);
    opts.set_min_write_buffer_number_to_merge(4);
    opts.set_level_zero_stop_writes_trigger(2000);
    opts.set_level_zero_slowdown_writes_trigger(0);
    opts.set_compaction_style(DBUniversalCompaction);
    opts.set_max_background_compactions(4);
    opts.set_max_background_flushes(4);
    opts.set_filter_deletes(false);
    opts.set_disable_auto_compactions(true);

    DB::open(&opts, path).unwrap()
}

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