awesome-java

A curated list of awesome Java frameworks, libraries and software. Inspired by awesome-python.

3 years after

Awesome Java Awesome

A curated list of awesome Java frameworks, libraries and software.

Build Tool

Tools which handle the buildcycle of an application.

  • Apache Maven - Declarative build and dependency management which favors convention over configuration. It's preferable to Apache Ant which uses a rather procedural approach and can be difficult to maintain.
  • Gradle - Incremental builds which are programmed via Groovy instead of declaring XML. Works well with Maven's dependency management and treats Ant scripts as first-class citizens.

Bytecode Manipulation

Libraries to manipulate Java bytecode programmatically.

  • ASM - All purpose, low level, bytecode manipulation and analysis.
  • Byte Buddy - Further simplifies bytecode generation with a fluent API.
  • Javassist - Tries to simplify the editing of bytecode.

Cluster Management

Frameworks which can dynamically manage applications inside of a cluster.

  • Apache Aurora - Apache Aurora is a Mesos framework for long-running services and cron jobs.
  • Singularity - Singularity is a Mesos framework that makes deployment and operations easy. It supports web services, background workers, scheduled jobs, and one-off tasks.

Code Analysis

Tools that provide metrics and quality measurements.

  • Checkstyle - Static analysis of coding conventions and standards.
  • Error Prone - Catches common Java mistakes as compile-time errors.
  • FindBugs - Static analysis of bytecode to find potential bugs.
  • PMD - Source code analysis of bad coding practices.
  • SonarQube - Integrates other analysis components via plugins and provides an overview of the metrics over time.

Compiler-compiler

Frameworks that help to create parsers, interpreters or compilers.

  • ANTLR - Complex full-featured framework for top-down parsing.
  • JavaCC - More specific and slightly easier to learn. Has syntactic lookahead.

Configuration

Libraries that provide external configuration.

  • config - Configuration library for JVM languages.

Constraint Satisfaction Problem Solver

Libraries that help on implementing optimization and satisfiability problems.

  • Choco - An off-the-shelf constraint satisfaction problem solver, which uses constraint programming techniques to solve constraint satisfaction problems.
  • JaCoP - A constraint programming solver that includes an interface for the FlatZinc language, enabling it to execute MiniZinc models.
  • OptaPlanner - A business planning and resource scheduling optimization solver.
  • Sat4J - A state-of-the-art SAT solver for boolean and optimization problems in Java.

Continuous Integration

Tools which support continuously building, testing and releasing applications.

  • Bamboo - Atlassian's solution with good integration of other products. You can either apply for an Open Source license or buy it.
  • CircleCI - Hosted service with a free trial.
  • Codeship - Hosted services with a limited free plan.
  • Go - ThoughtWork's CI open source solution.
  • Jenkins - Provides server-based deployment services.
  • TeamCity - JetBrain's CI solution with a free version.
  • Travis - Hosted service often used for open source projects.

CSV

Frameworks and libraries that simplify reading/writing CSV data.

  • uniVocity-parsers - One of the fastest and most feature-complete CSV parsers for Java. Also comes with parsers for TSV and fixed width records.

Database

Everything which simplifies interactions with the database.

  • Apache Phoenix - High performance relational database layer over HBase for low latency applications.
  • Crate - A distributed data store that implements data synchronization, sharding, scaling, and replication. In addition, it provides a SQL-based syntax to execute queries across a cluster.
  • Flyway - Simple database migration with Java API.
  • H2 - Small SQL Database notable for its in-memory functionality.
  • HikariCP - High performance JDBC connection pool.
  • JDBI - Convenient abstraction of JDBC.
  • jOOQ - Generates typesafe code based on SQL schema.
  • Liquibase - An open source database-independent library for tracking, managing and applying database schema changes.
  • MapDB - An embedded database engine that provides concurrent Java collections backed on disk or in off-heap memory.
  • Presto - Distributed SQL query engine for big data.
  • Querydsl - Typesafe unified queries for Java.

Data structures

  • Apache Parquet - A columnar storage format based on assembly algorithms from the Dremel paper by Google.
  • Protobuf - Protocol Buffers - Google's data interchange format.
  • SBE - Simple Binary Encoding, one of the fastest message formats around.
  • Wire - Clean, lightweight protocol buffers for Android and Java.

Date and Time

Libraries related to handling date and time.

  • Joda-Time - De facto standard date/time-library before Java 8.
  • Time4J - Advanced date and time library for Java.

Dependency Injection

Libraries that help to realize the Inversion of Control paradigm.

  • Dagger2 - Compile-time injection framework without reflection.
  • Guice - Lightweight but powerful framework that completes Dagger.
  • HK2 - A light-weight and dynamic dependency injection framework.

Development

Augmentation of the development process at a fundamental level.

  • ADT4J - Algebraic Data Types for Java (JSR-269 code generator).
  • AspectJ - Seamless aspect-oriented programming extension.
  • Auto - Collection of source code generators.
  • DCEVM - Modification of the JVM that allows unlimited redefinition of loaded classes at runtime.
  • Immutables - Scala-like case classes in standard Java.
  • JHipster - A Yeoman source code generator to create Java applications based on Spring Boot and AngularJS.
  • JRebel - Commercial software that instantly reloads code and configuration changes without redeploys.
  • Lombok - Code-generator which aims to reduce the verbosity of Java.
  • Spring Loaded - Another class reloading agent for the JVM.
  • vert.x - Polyglot event-driven application framework for the JVM.

Distributed Applications

Libraries and frameworks for writing distributed and fault-tolerant applications.

  • Akka - Toolkit and runtime for building concurrent, distributed, and fault tolerant event-driven applications.
  • Apache Storm - Distributed realtime computation system.
  • Apache ZooKeeper - Coordination service with distributed configuration, synchronization, and naming registry for large distributed systems.
  • Hazelcast - Distributed and highly scalable in-memory datagrid.
  • Hystrix - Latency and Fault Tolerance for Distributed Systems.
  • JGroups - Toolkit for reliable messaging and creating clusters whose nodes can send messages to each other.
  • Orbit - Virtual Actors, adding another level of abstraction to traditional Actors.
  • Quasar - Lightweight threads and actors for the JVM.

Distributed Databases

Databases in a distributed system that appear to applications as a single data source.

  • Apache Cassandra - Apache Cassandra is a distributed column-oriented database providing high availability with no single point of failure.
  • Apache HBase - Apache HBase is the Hadoop database, a distributed, scalable, big data store.
  • Infinispan - Distributed and highly concurrent key/value datastore used for caching.

Distribution

Tools which handle the distribution of Java applications in native formats.

  • Bintray - Version control for binaries which handles the publishing. Can also be used with Maven or Gradle and has a free plan for Open Source Software or several business plans.
  • Central Repository - Largest binary component repository available as a free service to the open source community. Default used by Apache Maven and available in all other build tools.
  • IzPack - Setup authoring tool for cross-platform deployments.
  • JitPack - Easy to use package repository for GitHub. Builds Maven/Gradle projects on demand and publishes ready-to-use packages.
  • Launch4j - Wraps JARs in lightweight and native Windows executables.
  • Nexus - Binary management with proxy and caching capabilities.
  • packr - Packs your JAR, assets and JVM for native distribution on Windows, Linux and Mac OS X.

Document Processing

Libraries that assist with processing office document formats.

  • Apache POI - Supports OOXML (XLSX, DOCX, PPTX) as well as OLE2 (XLS, DOC or PPT).
  • documents4j - Java API for document format conversion using third-party converters such as MS Word.
  • jOpenDocument - Processes the OpenDocument format.

Functional Programming

Libraries that facilitate functional programming in Java.

  • Cyclops - Monad and stream utils, comprehensions, pattern matching, trampolines, etc for Java 8.
  • Fugue - Functional extensions to Guava and Java 8.
  • Functional Java - Implements numerous basic and advanced programming abstractions that assist composition oriented development.
  • Javaslang - Functional component library built for Java 8+ that provides persistent data types and functional control structures.
  • jOOλ - An extension to Java 8 which aims to fix gaps in lambda, providing numerous missing types and a rich set of sequential Stream API additions.

Game Development

Frameworks that support the development of games.

  • jMonkeyEngine - Game engine for modern 3D development.
  • libGDX - All-round cross-platform, high-level framework.
  • LWJGL - Robust framework that abstracts libraries like OpenGL/CL/AL.

GUI

Libraries to create modern graphical user interfaces.

High Performance

Everything about high performance computation, from collections to specific libraries.

  • Disruptor - Inter-thread messaging library.
  • fastutil - Fast and compact type-specific collections for Java.
  • GS Collections - Collection framework inspired by Smalltalk.
  • HPPC - Primitive collections.
  • Javolution - Library for real-time and embedded systems.
  • JCTools - Java Concurrency Tools currently missing from the JDK.
  • Koloboke - Hash sets and hash maps.
  • Trove - Primitive collections.

IDE

Integrated development environments that try to simplify several aspects of development.

  • Eclipse - Established, open-souce project with support for lots of plugins and languages.
  • IntelliJ IDEA - Supports a lot of JVM languages and provides good options for Android development. The commercial edition targets the enterprise sector.
  • NetBeans - Provides integration for several Java SE and EE features starting with database access and servers to HTML5 and AngularJS.

Imagery

Libraries that assist with the creation, evaluation or manipulation of graphical images.

  • Imgscalr - Imgscalr is an very simple and efficient (hardware accelerated) image-scaling library implemented in pure Java 2D.
  • Picasso - Image downloading and caching library for Android.
  • Thumbnailator - Thumbnailator is a high-quality thumbnail generation library for Java.
  • ZXing - Multi-format 1D/2D barcode image processing library.

JSON

Libraries that simplify JSON processing.

  • Genson - Powerful and easy to use Java and Scala to JSON conversion library.
  • Gson - Serializes Java objects to JSON and vice versa. Good performance with on-the-fly usage.
  • Jackson - Similar to GSON but has performance gains if you need to instantiate the library more often.
  • LoganSquare - JSON parsing and serializing library based on Jackson's streaming API. Outpeforms GSON & Jackson's library.

JVM and JDK

Current implementations of the JVM/JDK.

  • JDK 9 - Early access releases of JDK 9.
  • OpenJDK - Open source implementation.

Logging

Libraries that log the behavior of an application.

  • Apache Log4j 2 - Complete rewrite of the previous version. Now has a powerful plugin and configuration architecture.
  • kibana - Analyzes and visualizes log files.
  • Logback - Founded by the same developer as Log4j and proves to be a robust logging library with interesting configuration options via Groovy.
  • logstash - Tool for managing log files.
  • SLF4J - Abstraction layer which is to be used with an implementation.

Machine Learning

Tools that provide specific statistical algorithms which allow to learn from data.

  • Apache Flink - Fast and reliable large-scale data processing engine.
  • Apache Hadoop - Open-source software framework for storage and large-scale processing of data-sets on clusters of commodity hardware.
  • Apache Mahout - Scalable algorithms focused on collaborative filtering, clustering and classification.
  • Apache Spark - Open-source data analytics cluster computing framework.
  • H2O - Analytics engine for statistics over big data.
  • Weka - Collection of algorithms for data mining tasks ranging from pre-processing to visualization.

Messaging

Tools that help on sending messages between clients to ensure protocol independency.

  • Aeron - Efficient reliable unicast and multicast message transport.
  • Apache ActiveMQ - Open-source message broker that implements JMS and converts synchronous to asynchronous communication.
  • Apache Camel - Glues together different transport APIs via Enterprise Integration Patterns.
  • Apache Kafka - High-throughput distributed messaging system.
  • JBoss HornetQ - Clear, concise, modular and made to be embedded.
  • JeroMQ - Pure Java implementation of ZeroMQ.
  • Smack - A cross-platform XMPP client library for Java and Android.

Miscellaneous

Everything else.

  • Design Patterns - Implementation and explanation of the most common design patterns.
  • fabric8 - Integration platform for Java containers.
  • Jimfs - In-memory file system.
  • Lanterna - Easy console text GUI library similar to curses.
  • LightAdmin - Pluggable CRUD UI library for rapid application development.
  • Metrics - Create your own metrics or add them for supported frameworks, then expose them via JMX or HTTP, or send them to a database.
  • OpenRefine - Tool for working with messy data: cleaning, transforming, extending it with web services and linking it to databases.
  • RoboVM - Commercial framework with a free trial to write native iOS apps in Java.

Monitoring

Tools that monitor applications in production.

  • AppDynamics - Commercial performance monitor.
  • JavaMelody - Open-source performance monitoring and profiling.
  • New Relic - Commercial performance monitor.
  • Takipi - Commercial in-production error monitoring and debugging.

Native

For working with platform-specific native libraries.

  • JNA - Work with native libraries without writing JNI. Also provides interfaces to common system libraries.

Natural Language Processing

Libraries that specialize on processing text.

  • Apache OpenNLP - Toolkit for common tasks like tokenization.
  • CoreNLP - Stanford's CoreNLP provides a set of fundamental tools for tasks like tagging, named entity recognition, sentiment analysis and many more.
  • LingPipe - Toolkit for a variety of tasks ranging from POS tagging to sentiment analysis.
  • Mallet - Statistical natural language processing, document classification, clustering, topic modeling and more.

Networking

Libraries for network programming.

  • Async Http Client - Asynchronous HTTP and WebSocket client library.
  • Grizzly - NIO framework. Used as a network layer in Glassfish.
  • Netty - A framework for building high performance network applications.
  • OkHttp - An HTTP+SPDY client for Android and Java applications.
  • Undertow - Web server providing both blocking and non-blocking API’s based on NIO. Used as a network layer in WildFly.

ORM

APIs which handle the persistence of objects.

  • Ebean - ORM Framework that provides fast data access and even faster coding.
  • EclipseLink - Supports a number of persistence standards: JPA, JAXB, JCA and SDO.
  • Hibernate - Robust and widely used with an active community.
  • MyBatis - Persistence framework that couples objects with stored procedures or SQL statements.
  • OrmLite - Lightweight ORM package avoiding the complexity and overhead of other ORM products.

PDF

Everything that helps with the creation of PDF files.

  • Apache FOP - Creates PDF from XSL-FO.
  • Apache PDFBox - Toolbox for creating and manipulating PDF.
  • DynamicReports - Simplifies JasperReports.
  • flyingsaucer - XML/XHTML and CSS 2.1 renderer in pure Java.
  • iText - Easy to use PDF library which creates PDF files programmatically but requires a license for commercial purposes.
  • JasperReports - Complex reporting engine.

Performance analysis

Tools for performance optimization and dynamic program analysis.

Reactive libraries

Libraries for developing reactive applications.

  • Reactive Streams - Provide a standard for asynchronous stream processing with non-blocking backpressure.
  • Reactor - Library for building reactive fast-data applications.
  • RxJava - Library for composing asynchronous and event-based programs using observable sequences from the JVM.

REST Frameworks

Frameworks specifically for creating RESTful services.

  • Dropwizard - Opinionated framework for setting up modern web applications, includes Jetty, Jackson, Jersey and Metrics.
  • Feign - Java to HTTP client binder inspired by Retrofit, JAXRS-2.0, and WebSocket.
  • Jersey - JAX-RS reference implementation.
  • RESTEasy - Fully certified and portable implementation of the JAX-RS specification.
  • RestExpress - RestExpress is a thin wrapper on the JBOSS Netty HTTP stack to provide a simple and easy way to create RESTful services in Java that support massive Internet Scale and performance.
  • RestX - Opinionated framework based one annotation processor, providing support for REST endpoint, type safe DI, hot compile/reload, API doc, metrics, specs-oriented endpoint testing.
  • Retrofit - A type-safe REST client for Java.
  • Spark - A Sinatra inspired framework for java.
  • Swagger - Swagger is a specification and complete framework implementation for describing, producing, consuming, and visualizing RESTful web services.

Science

Libraries for scientific computing and analysis.

  • SCaVis - Environment for scientific computation, data analysis and data visualization.

Search

Engines which index documents for search and analysis.

  • Apache Solr - Full enterprise search engine optimized for high volume traffic.
  • Elasticsearch - Distributed, multitenant-capable full-text search engine with a RESTful web interface and schema-free JSON documents.

Security

Libraries that handle security, authentication, authorization or session management.

  • Apache Shiro - Performs authentication, authorization, cryptography and session management.
  • Bouncy Castle - All-purpose cryptographic library. JCA provider, wide range of functions from basic helpers to PGP/SMIME operations.
  • Cryptomator - Multiplatform transparent client-side encryption of files in the cloud.
  • Keycloak - Integrated SSO and IDM for browser apps and RESTful web services. Currently in beta but looks very promising.
  • PicketLink - PicketLink is an umbrella project for security and identity management for Java applications.
  • Spring Security - Focuses on authentication/authorization and protects against several attack vectors.

Serialization

Libraries that handle serialization with high efficiency.

  • FlatBuffers - Memory efficient serialization library that can access serialized data without unpacking and parsing it.
  • Kryo - Fast and efficient object graph serialization framework.
  • MessagePack - Efficient binary serialization format.

Server

Servers which are specifically used to deploy applications.

  • Apache Tomcat - Robust all-round server for Servlet and JSP.
  • Apache TomEE - Tomcat plus Java EE.
  • GlassFish - Open source reference implementation for Java EE sponsored by Oracle.
  • Jetty - Lightweight, small server, often embedded in projects.
  • WebSphere Liberty - Lightweight, modular server developed by IBM
  • WildFly - Formerly known as JBoss and developed by Red Hat with extensive Java EE support.

Template Engine

Tools which substitute expressions in a template.

  • Apache Velocity - Templates for HTML pages, emails or source code generation in general.
  • FreeMarker - General templating engine without any heavyweight or opinionated dependencies.
  • Handlebars.java - Logic-less and semantic Mustache templates with Java.
  • JavaServer Pages - Common templating for websites with custom tag libraries.
  • Thymeleaf - Aims to be a substitute for JSP and works for XML files in general.

Testing

Tools that test from object to interface level including performance and other benchmarks.

  • Apache JMeter - Functional testing and performance measurements.
  • Arquillian - Integration and functional testing platform with integration of Java EE containers.
  • AssertJ - Fluent assertions that improve readability.
  • Awaitility - DSL for synchronizing asynchronous operations.
  • Cucumber - A BDD testing framework that supports the most popular programming languages for the JVM.
  • Gatling - Gatling is a highly capable load testing tool. It is designed for ease of use, maintainability and high performance.
  • Hamcrest - Matchers that can be combined to create flexible expressions of intent.
  • jHiccup - logs and records platform JVM stalls.
  • JMH - Microbenchmarking tool for the JVM.
  • JMockit - The Mock Anything Toolkit for Java, mocks static, final methods and more.
  • JUnit - Common testing framework.
  • LatencyUtils - Utilities for latency measurement and reporting.
  • Mockito - Creation of test double objects in automated unit tests for the purpose of TDD or BDD.
  • PowerMock - Allows you to unit test code normally regarded as untestable.
  • Selenide - Concise API around Selenium to write stable and readable UI tests.
  • Selenium - Portable software testing framework for web applications.
  • Spock - Testing framework featuring an expressive Groovy-derived specification language. Compatible with JUnit runners so easy to use with standard build tools and IDEs.
  • TestNG - Testing framework.
  • Truth - Assertion/Proposition framework for Java unit tests by Google.
  • Unitils - Testing library divided into modules for unit and integration testing.
  • WireMock - Testing library for stubbing and mocking web services.

Utility

Libraries which provide general utility functions.

  • Apache Commons - Provides different general purpose functions like configuration, validation, collections, file upload or XML processing.
  • args4j - Command line arguments parser.
  • CRaSH - The shell for the Java Platform.
  • Gephi - A cross-platform for visualizing and manipulating large graph networks.
  • Guava - Collections, caching, primitives support, concurrency libraries, common annotations, string processing, I/O, and so forth.
  • JADE - Providers a framework and an environment to build and to debug multi-agent systems.
  • javatuples - Does what it says, although the concept of tuples in general is debatable.
  • JCommander - Command line arguments parser; its been around, active, and maintained by the creator since 2010.
  • JGraphT - A graph library that provides mathematical graph-theory objects and algorithms.
  • JScience - Provides a set of classes to work with scientific measurements and units.
  • Protégé - Provides an ontology editor and a framework to build knowledge-based systems.

Web Crawling

Libraries that analyze the content of websites.

  • Apache Nutch - Highly extensible, highly scalable Web crawler for production environment.
  • Crawler4j - Simple lightweight alternative.
  • JSoup - Scrapes, parses, manipulates and cleans HTML.

Web Frameworks

Frameworks that handle the communication between the layers of an web application.

  • Apache Tapestry - Component oriented framework for creating dynamic, robust, highly scalable web applications in Java.
  • Apache Wicket - Component-based web application framework similar to Tapestry with a stateful GUI.
  • Google Web Toolkit - Toolbox which includes a Java-to-JavaScript compiler for client-side code, XML parser, API for RPC, JUnit integration, internationalization support and widgets for the GUI.
  • Grails - Groovy framework with the aim to provide a highly productive environment by favoring convention over configuration, no XML and support for mixins.
  • Ninja - Full stack web framework for Java. Rock solid, fast and super productive.
  • Pippo - A small, highly modularized Sinatra-like framework.
  • Play - Uses convention over configuration, hot code reloading and display of errors in the browser.
  • PrimeFaces - JSF framework which has a free and a commercial version with support. Provides several frontend components.
  • Ratpack - A set of Java libraries that facilitate fast, efficient, evolvable and well tested HTTP applications.
  • Spring Boot - Microframework which simplifies the development of new Spring applications.
  • Spring - Aims to simplify the development with Java EE and provides packages for dependency injection and aspect-oriented programming.
  • Vaadin - Event-driven framework build on top of GWT. Uses server-side architecture with Ajax on the client-side.

Resources

Communities

Active discussions.

  • r/java - Subreddit for the Java community.
  • stackoverflow - Question/answer platform.
  • vJUG - Online Java user group.

Influential Books

Books about Java that had a high impact and are still worth reading.

Podcasts

Something to listen to while programming.

Twitter

Active accounts to follow.

  • Adam Bien - Freelancer: Author, JavaONE Rockstar Speaker, Consultant, Java Champion.
  • Antonio Goncalves - Java Champion, JUG Leader, Devoxx France, Java EE 6/7, JCP, Author.
  • Arun Gupta - Java Champion, JavaOne Rockstar, UG Leader, Devoxx4Kids-er, Red Hatter.
  • Brian Goetz - Java Language Architect at Oracle.
  • Bruno Borges - Product Manager/Java Jock at Oracle.
  • Ed Burns - Consulting Member of the Technical Staff at Oracle.
  • Eugen Paraschiv - Author of the Spring Security Course.
  • James Weaver - Java/JavaFX/IoT developer, author and speaker.
  • Java EE - Official Java EE Twitter account.
  • Java Magazine - Official Java Magazine account.
  • Java.net - Official Java.net account.
  • Java - Official Java Twitter account.
  • Javin Paul - Well-known Java blogger.
  • Lukas Eder - Founder and CEO Data Geekery (jOOQ).
  • Mario Fusco - RedHatter, JUG coordinator, frequent speaker and author.
  • Mark Reinhold - Chief Architect, Java Platform Group, Oracle.
  • Markus Eisele - Java EE evangelist, Red Hat
  • Martijn Verburg - London JUG co-leader, speaker, author, Java Champion and much more.
  • Martin Thompson - Pasty faced performance gangster.
  • OpenJDK - Official OpenJDK account.
  • Peter Lawrey - Peter Lawrey, Java performance expert
  • Reza Rahman - Java EE/GlassFish/WebLogic evangelist, author, speaker, open source hacker.
  • Roberto Cortez - Java EE/JPA expert, speaker, open source
  • Simon Maple - Java Champion, virtualJUG founder, LJC leader, RebelLabs author.
  • Stephen Colebourne - Java Champion, speaker.
  • Tim Boudreau - Author and NetBeans guru.
  • Trisha Gee - Java Champion and speaker.

Websites

Sites to read.

Contributing

Contributions are very welcome!

Please have a look at CONTRIBUTING for guidelines.