This is an implementation of Value Iteration Networks (VIN) in TensorFlow to reproduce the results.(PyTorch version)
- A fully differentiable neural network with a 'planning' sub-module.
- Value Iteration = Conv Layer + Channel-wise Max Pooling
- Generalize better than reactive policies for new, unseen tasks.
Learned Reward Image and Its Value Images for each VI Iteration
|Visualization||Grid world||Reward Image||Value Images|
This repository requires following packages:
- Python >= 3.6
- Numpy >= 1.12.1
- TensorFlow >= 1.0
- SciPy >= 0.19.0
Each data sample consists of (x, y) coordinates of current state in grid world, followed by an obstacle image and a goal image.
Running Experiment: Training
Grid world 8x8
python run.py --datafile data/gridworld_8x8.npz --imsize 8 --lr 0.005 --epochs 30 --k 10 --batch_size 128
Grid world 16x16
python run.py --datafile data/gridworld_16x16.npz --imsize 16 --lr 0.008 --epochs 30 --k 20 --batch_size 128
Grid world 28x28
python run.py --datafile data/gridworld_28x28.npz --imsize 28 --lr 0.003 --epochs 30 --k 36 --batch_size 128
datafile: The path to the data files.
imsize: The size of input images. From: [8, 16, 28]
lr: Learning rate with RMSProp optimizer. Recommended: [0.01, 0.005, 0.002, 0.001]
epochs: Number of epochs to train. Default: 30
k: Number of Value Iterations. Recommended: [10 for 8x8, 20 for 16x16, 36 for 28x28]
ch_i: Number of channels in input layer. Default: 2, i.e. obstacles image and goal image.
ch_h: Number of channels in first convolutional layer. Default: 150, described in paper.
ch_q: Number of channels in q layer (~actions) in VI-module. Default: 10, described in paper.
batch_size: Batch size. Default: 128
GPU: TITAN X
Performance: Test Accuracy
NOTE: This is the accuracy on test set. It is different from the table in the paper, which indicates the success rate from rollouts of the learned policy in the environment.
Speed with GPU
|Speed per epoch||8x8||16x16||28x28|
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: How to get reward image from observation ?
- A: Observation image has 2 channels. First channel is obstacle image (0: free, 1: obstacle). Second channel is goal image (0: free, 10: goal). For example, in 8x8 grid world, the shape of an input tensor with batch size 128 is [128, 2, 8, 8]. Then it is fed into a convolutional layer with [3, 3] filter and 150 feature maps, followed by another convolutional layer with [3, 3] filter and 1 feature map. The shape of the output tensor is [128, 1, 8, 8]. This is the reward image.
Q: What is exactly transition model, and how to obtain value image by VI-module from reward image ?
- A: Let us assume batch size is 128 under 8x8 grid world. Once we obtain the reward image with shape [128, 1, 8, 8], we do convolutional layer for q layers in VI module. The [3, 3] filter represents the transition probabilities. There is a set of 10 filters, each for generating a feature map in q layers. Each feature map corresponds to an "action". Note that this is larger than real available actions which is only 8. Then we do a channel-wise Max Pooling to obtain the value image with shape [128, 1, 8, 8]. Finally we stack this value image with reward image for a new VI iteration.
- Value Iteration Networks on arXiv:1602.02867
- Author's implementation in Theano by Aviv Tamar
- Another TensorFlow implementation by Abhishek Kumar
- ICML 2016 Presentation by Aviv Tamar, Video
- NIPS 2016 Presentation by Aviv Tamar, Video